Anthems and Oratorios Flashcards Preview

SHHS - MUSIC - AoS1 Handel's anthems and oratorios > Anthems and Oratorios > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anthems and Oratorios Deck (32)
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1
Q

What is an Oratorio?

A

An unstaged dramatic work for orchestra, soloist singers and chorus which has a religious theme

2
Q

What is an Anthem?

A

Sacred or devotional music written for special occasions. Almost always choral with orchestra and organ.

3
Q

Soprano

A

High female voice

4
Q

Tenor

A

High male voice

5
Q

Alto

A

Low female voice

6
Q

Bass

A

Low male voice

7
Q

SATB

A

Full choir with two male and female parts

Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass (SATB)

8
Q

What is (Basso) Continuo?

A

A type of accompaniment featuring a continuous bass line (on cello or similar) and an instrument improvising chords (harpsichord, organ or lute).

9
Q

What type of music is George Fredric Handel most famous for writing?

A

In the Baroque period he wrote Operas in Italian, Oratorios in English as well as many Concertos and Anthems.
Based in England and aimed at English tastes of the period.

10
Q

Where and when was Handel born?

A

Born in Germany, 23rd February 23rd 1685.

11
Q

When did Handel die?

A

14th April 1759.

12
Q

Ground Bass

A

A piece featuring a bass line that repeats throughout the song (as an ostinato)

13
Q

Figured Bass

A

The numbers underneath the continuo bass line that tell the person playing chords, which chords to play.

14
Q

Monophonic Texture

A

One single melody line. Solo melody

15
Q

Homophonic Texture

A

2 or more parts which move at the same time but with different notes. Moving in chords.

16
Q

Polyphonic / Contrapuntal Texture

A

When multiple melodies play at the same time, and are rhythmically independent.

17
Q

In octaves (texture)

A

Everyone singing/playing the same tune but in different ranges.

18
Q

‘Melody and Accompaniment’ Texture

A

Melody dominated homophony

strong melody over a homophonic accompaniment

19
Q

Recitative

A

A part of the oratorio which tells a story or moves the story along.

  • Simple word settings
  • Always uses syllabic word-setting
  • the accompaniment is usually just continuo (not full orchestra)
20
Q

Recitativo Secco

A

Dry recitative, the most common sort of recitative.

*Accompaniment is just a continuo, using simple chords.

21
Q

Recitativo Stomentato

A

Accompanied recitative. Orchestra accompanying it, no strong tune.

22
Q

Recitativo Arioso

A

An aria-like recitative, more song-like. Conveys more emotion than recitative secco.

23
Q

Aria

A

A type of song with a strong melody for a soloist, usually accompanied with orchestra.

24
Q

Da Capo Aria

A

A song in ternary form (A-B-A1), where the final A section features a highly decorated version of the original melody, with lots of ornamentation.

25
Q

Chorus

A

A piece for full orchestra and choir, the key moment in an oratorio, providing the most excitement.

26
Q

Ornamentation

A

Used to decorate a simple tune to make a melody more interesting. E.g. Grace note, mordent and trills.

27
Q

Baroque Orchestra

A

Strings - Violin, Viola, Cello , Double bassWoodwind - Oboe, Bassoon, Recorder, FlutePercussion - Timpani ( Kettle drum), HarpsichordBrass - Simple trumpets, French horn, Trombone (All of these could only play notes from the harmonic series)

28
Q

Melismatic (Melisma)

A

More than one note per syllable. E.g. Glo-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-ria

29
Q

Syllabic

A

Each syllable has its own note. E.g. We Wish You A Merry Christmas

30
Q

Word Painting

A

When the tune/ melody reflects or mimics what the lyrics are about.

31
Q

Dramatic Silence

A

A silence that happens in the middle of a piece to create dramatic effect.

32
Q

Changes of Tempo and Time Signature

A

Sudden changes of tempo and time signature for effect.