Anthropology πŸ‘³πŸΎπŸ‘΅πŸ½πŸ‘΄πŸΌπŸ‘¨πŸΎπŸ‘±πŸΌπŸ‘©πŸΌ Flashcards Preview

Anthropology > Anthropology πŸ‘³πŸΎπŸ‘΅πŸ½πŸ‘΄πŸΌπŸ‘¨πŸΎπŸ‘±πŸΌπŸ‘©πŸΌ > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anthropology πŸ‘³πŸΎπŸ‘΅πŸ½πŸ‘΄πŸΌπŸ‘¨πŸΎπŸ‘±πŸΌπŸ‘©πŸΌ Deck (26)
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1

things anthropologists do

describe analyze and explain different cultures

show how humans have adapted to their enviros

and given meaning to their lives

2

anthropologists focus on

-the elements in culutre
-the relationship between these elements
-the relationship of culture to biology and the environment
-they want to understand human beings as a whole organism who adapt to their environment through a complex interaction of biologyand culture

3

holistic approach

the belief that the while is greater than the sum of its parts

4

4 fields of anthro

biological
linguistic
archaeological
cultural

blac

5

cultural anthropology

the study of human culture and society

6

society

a group of epople who depend on each other for survival or wellbeing

7

define culture

the major way in which humans adapt to their environments and give meaning to their lives

8

linguistic anthropology define

th study of communication between people

9

subfields of linguistic anthropology

historical
structural
sociolinguistics

10

historical linguistics

study of how language changes overtime

11

structural limguistics

the study of how contemporary language differs in terms of formal structure

ex texting vs english essay

12

sociolinguistics

the study of how language including nonverbal communication is determined by social context

13

archaeology

the study of past cultures through their remains

14

two types of archaeology

prehistoric
historic

15

prehistoric

human cultures before written records

16

historical

human cultures WITH written records

17

define artifact

any object that has been made used or altered by humans

18

biological anthropology

the study of humans as biological organisms including evolution and contemporary ........

19

subfields of biological anthro

primatolgy
paleoanthology
contemporary biological variation

20

primatology

the study of nonhuman mammals called primates
-small nocturnal creatures
-gorillas

21

paleoanthropology

the study of human evolution on the basis of fossil record

22

contemporary human biological variation

seeks to explain differences in biological makeup of contemporary humans

DNA, Body size and shape, human nutrition growth and development

23

ethnography

major research tool of cultural anthropology, incl both fieldwork among people in the society and descriptive accnts of cultures

24

fieldwork

the first hand intensive , systematic explanation of a culture, occurs with participant observation

25

participant observation

researcher participates in life of group/subject

26

anthropology

the comparative study of human cultures and societies ad their development