Anti protozoals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anti protozoals Deck (15):
1

Treatment for active infections

coccidiocides

2

Treatment to prevent infections

coccidiostats

3

Coccidiocides

Sulfonamides (primarily sulfadimethoxine(albon)) and Furazolidone (banned in food animals)

4

Coccidiostats

ionophores (monensin (coban, rumensin), lasalocid (bovatec)), used in cattle/poultry/smallruminants; amprolium (corid), approved in cattle/poultry, extra-label use in small ruminants/dogs; dexoquinate; ponazuril

5

Toxoplasmosis treatment

Clindamycin (prefered in cats), pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine

6

Balantidiasis (Balantidium coil) treatment

Tetracyclines drug of choice; metronidazole used outside of food animals but less consistent

7

Equine protozoal myelitis (EPM)

Pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine; fasting important, teratogenic; ponazuril, feeding with cornoil increases bioavailability

8

Giardiasis

Fendendazole (most common; metronidazole; furazolidone; nitazoxanide

9

Trichomonads

Metronidazole; Ronidazole; Clioquinol

10

Babesiosis

Imidocarb diproprionate (Imizol), pretreatment with atrophine important. Works better against B. canis; Atovaquone and azithromycin can be used to treat carrier state

11

Neosporosis

Clindamycin (same as Toxo); NeoGuard used for prevention in cattle

12

Cryptosporidiosis

Azithromycin is primary treatment, Nitozoxanide sometimes used

13

Leishmaniasis

Pentamidine isethionate (approved for humans); Allopurinol (used for 24 months)

14

Feline cytauxzoon

Atovaquone and Azithromycin; poor success rates (60% in one study)

15

Diseases with no treatment

Chagas; Trichomoniasis (in cattle); Histomoniasis (turkies)