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Flashcards in Equine drugs and bugs Deck (18):
1

Erratic etiologies requiring 4 quadrant coverage pending C&S

peritonitis, pleuropneumonia, aspiration pneumonia, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, cellulits

2

Drug combos with 4 quadrant coverage

fluoroquinolone/aminoglycoside + ampicillin + metronidazole; fluoroquinolone/aminoglycoside + cefoxitin; TMS + ampicillin

3

Single agent with 4 quadrant coverage

chloramphenicol

4

Cystitis/pyelonephritis

tris-EDTA + gentamicin or chlorhexadine

5

UTI

TMS

6

Strangles

before abscessation: macrolides; after abscessation: advised to not use antibiotics

7

Sinusitis/guttural pouch infection

1st choice pen G; 2nd choice TMS

8

Lower respiratory

TMS if not pleuropneumonia

9

Pleuropneumonia

Chloramphenicol; aminoglycoside + ampicillin + metronidazole

10

Rhodococcus pneumonia

clarithromycin +/- rifampin

11

Potomoc horse fever

Oxytetracycline IV if severe; doxycycline

12

Cornea

Strep equi or Staph: triple antibiotic (for bacitracin); Pseuodomonas: tobramycin ophthalmic ointment, triple antibiotic (for polymyxin B); Fungal: voriconazole

13

Skin

Dermatophilus (rain-scald): PPG; Staph: TMS

14

Bacterial meningitis

Fluoroquinolone +/- pen G for strep meningitis

15

Clostridial enteritis

metronidazole

16

Septicemic salmonellosis or colibacillosis

TMS

17

Antimicrobials to use cautiously in horses

Fluoroquinolones; erythromycin in adult horses; tetracyclines

18

Antimicrobials to avoid in horses

tylosin, tilmicosin, lincomycin and clindamycin, florfenicol, ionophores