Anti- Social Behaviour Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anti- Social Behaviour Deck (21)
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1
Q

What is Anti-Social Behaviour

A

a political construct, to target the DISORDER, INCIVILITIES & ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR that resulted from urban decline

2
Q

Wilson and Kelling (1982) ‘Broken Windows’ theory

A

maintaining and monitoring urban environments to prevent incivilities such as vandalism helps to create an atmosphere of order and lawfulness, thereby preventing more serious crimes from happening.

3
Q

ASB is a moral Challenge to a broad consensus of accepted values

A

frequent youth ASB leads to increased likeihood of persistent criminal career

4
Q

Anti-social behaviour was seen to undermine government ‘law and order’ successes

A

Anti Social Behaviour Act 2003

5
Q

Tony Blair said…

A

tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime

6
Q

ASB is…

A

‘Acting in a manner that causes or is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household

7
Q

ASB is…

A

a range of nuisances, disorder and crimes which affects people’s lives on a daily basis: from vandalism and graffiti; to drunk or rowdy behaviour in public; to intimidation and harassment

8
Q

Nuisance is classified as…

2013-14 : 66% of ASB was classified as nuisance

A

captures incidents where an act, condition, thing or person causes trouble, annoyance, irritation, inconvenience, offence or suffering to the local community in general rather than to individual victims.

9
Q

Personal ASB is…

2013-14 : 28% of ASB was classified as personal

A

captures incidents that are perceived as either deliberately targeted at an individual or group, or having an impact on an individual or group rather than the community at large.

10
Q

Environmental ASB is…

2013-14 : 6% of ASB was classified as environmental

A

captures incidents where individuals and groups have an impact on their surroundings, including natural, built and social environments

11
Q

The worry of criminalising nuisance/youth behaviour behaviour is…
(Walsh, 2002)

A

Curfew & dispersal orders go much further than seeking
to control the criminal and anti-social behaviour of
Young people but ‘to control their behaviour
completely……(and) seek to ban groups of young
people congregating in public at night, regardless of
whether or not their intent is criminal or
indeed anti-social’ (Walsh, 2002:73)

12
Q

Police recorded … incidents of ASB (2013/4)

A

2,102,700 incidents

13
Q

what percentage of people have “personally experienced/witnessed anti-social behaviour in their local area” (CSEW 2011/12)

A

30% - BUT only approx. 1 in 4 incidents are reported (BCS 2008/09)

14
Q

What are the main causes of ASB?

A

Alcohol (28%) there’s not enough to do (23%), poor parenting (20%), drugs, boredom, lack of respect, unemployment, lack of capable guardians/ineffective policing

15
Q

Common Features of ASB Cases (Brown, 2004)

A
Mental Health Problems
Learning Difficulties
Addictions
Domestic Violence
Physical and Emotional Abuse
16
Q

‘Seductions of Crime’ (Jack Katz, 1988)

A

moral and sensual attractions in doing evil’

Emphasis on pleasure and excitement

17
Q

Understandings of ASB dependent on people’s behavioural expectations for…
(Millie, 2007)

A

certain spaces and time i.e. cardiff nightlife behaviour, very different levels of acceptance to daytime
AND CULTURAL AND SOCIAL NORMS which are context dependent and vary greatly (Millie, 2007)

18
Q

45% of all violent incidents (Kershaw et al, 2008)

A

…happen under the influence of alcohol in the night-time economy

19
Q

Other problems in the night-time economy

A
Drug Use (eg Measham & Moore, 2009)
Property Crime (criminal damage etc)
Acquisitive Crime (robbery, theft from the person etc)
Drink Spiking 
Rape & Sexual Assault (Finney, 2004)
Drink (and Drug) Driving 
Domestic Violence 
73% of perps had been drinking (Gilchrist et al, 2003)
Hate Crime
20
Q

Tension in Night Time Economy…

A

Inherent tension in balancing economic benefits & jobs opportunities with significant levels of alcohol-related violence & disorder

21
Q

Impacts of ASB

A

Avoiding certain streets/areas at certain times
Take precautions/change lifestyle to avoid crime
Avoid going out alone
Worry over carrying vaulables/getting cash out the ATM
Don’t use public transport