Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

Peds Boards Take 2 > Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (42):
1

Treatment for neonate with sepsis

ampicillin and cefotaxime or gentamicin (use GENT if strong suspicion of Listeria)

2

Treatment of infant older than three months for r/o sepsis

vancomycin and ceftriaxone

3

Treatment for a child with meningococcemia

Vancomycin and ceftriaxone

4

Meningococcal prophylaxis

Rifampin
(can use CTX, cipro, or azithro in adults)

5

Empiric treatment for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

3rd gen cephalosporin (CTX) and an aminoglycoside (gent)

6

Prophylaxis for PCP

Bactrim

7

Empiric treatment for fever and neutropenia

Zosyn polus gent; cefipime, or ceftazidime

8

treatment for cryptosporidium

Nitazoxanide

9

treatment for chlamydia conjunctivitis

ORAL erythromycin

10

Treatment for chlamydia pneumonia

Azithromycin x 5 days OR
Erythromycin x 14 days

11

Treatment for chlamydia cervicitis

Azithromycin 1000mg x 1 OR
Doxycycline x 7 days

12

Treatment for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Doxycycline x 7 days (even in a child <8)

13

Treatment for Cat Scratch Disease (Bartonella)

Supportive only UNLESS HSM, pain, immunocompromise. THEN you can use Azithro, Erythro, Cipro, Bactrim, or Rifampin.

14

Treatment for suspected H. flu

Ceftriaxone or cefotaxime

15

Prophylaxis for contacts of patients (if any are unimmunized, all should be covered) with H. flu

Rifampin

16

Treatment for pertussis

Azithro, erythro, or clarithro. Also bactrim.

17

Treatment for salmonella in immunocompromised patients

ceftriaxone or cefotaxime

18

treatment for typhoid fever

broad spectrum cephalosporins

19

Drugs effective against pseudomonas

Pip/tazo, gentamicin, imipenem and meropenem, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ceftazidime

20

Treatment for Brucellosis

Tretracycline OR
Bactrim plus rifampin

21

Treatment for group A strep pharyngitis

Amox or penicillin

22

Treatment for group A strep pharyngitis if allergic to penicillin

Azithro, clinda, or erythro.

23

Treatment for maternal syphillis

penicillin (erythro will help the mom, but not the fetus)

24

Treatment for congenital syphillis

penicillin

25

Treatment for campylobacter in immunocompromised patients

broad spectrum cephalosporins or gentamicin

26

Treatment for tularemia

Gentamicin

27

Treatment for bubonic plague

streptomycin or gentamicin
can also use doxycycline or chloramphenicol

28

Do aminoglycosides depend on peaks or troughs for effectiveness?

peaks. toxicity is associated with high troughs

29

Antibiotic absolutely contraindicated in pregnancy

Rifampin (teratogenic)

30

Treatment for gonorrhea

Ceftriaxone 125mg IM x 1 OR
Cefixime 400mg PO x 1

31

Treatment for ascaris lumbricoides

Albendazole x 1
Mebendazole x 3 days
Ivermectin x 1

32

Treatment for enamoeba histolytica

metronidazole

33

Treatment for toxocariasis

Mebendazole or thiabendazole

34

Treatment for Giardia

Metronidazole, tinidazole, or nitazoxanide

35

Treatment for trichomonas

metronidazole

36

Treatment for schistosoma

Praziquantel

37

Treatment for Strongyloides

Thiabendazole

38

Treatment for enterobius vermicularis

Mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, or albendazole

39

Treatment for cryptococcus

Amphotericin B with oral flucytosine or fluconazole. Add Flucytosine for resistent infections

40

Treatment for coccidiomycosis

Amphotericin B, fluconazole or ketoconazole

41

Treatment for aspergillosis

Voriconazole or amphotericin B

42

Treatment for histoplasmosis

Supportive. If immunocompromised, use amphotericin B