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Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (33)
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1

Chronic bronchitis

Amoxicillin or Tetracycline

Clarithromycin

5d

2

CAP

low, moderate and high severity

LOW

Amoxicillin 7d

Atypical: + Clarithromycin 14d

PENAL: Doxycycline or Clarithromycin

Staph suspected (post flu): Flucloxacillin

MOD

Amoxicillin + Clarithromycin or Doxycycline alone 7d

MRSA: + Vancomycin

HIGH

Benzylpenicillin + Clarithromycin

or Benzylpenicillin  + Doxycycline 7d

Serious/ G+/ Home: Co-amoxiclav + Clarithromycin

MRSA: + Vancomycin

3

HAP

<5d post-admission

  • Co-amoxiclav
  • or Cefuroxime 7d

>5d post-admission

  • Piperacillin with Tazobactam
  • or Cephalosporin broad (eg Ceftazidime)
  • or Quinilone (eg Ciprofloxacin)

MRSA: +Vancomycin

4

Lower UTI

Trimethoprim

or Nitrofurantoin 7d (3d in women)

2nd line: Co-amoxiclav

5

Acute pyelonephritis

Cefuroxime

Quinolone (

6

Acute prostatitis

Quinolone

or Trimethoprim

7

Impetigo

Topical fusidic acid

Widespread;

  • Flucloxacillin
  • or Erythromycin

8

Cellulitis

Flucloxacilline

PENAL: Clarithromycin or Clindomycin

9

Erysipelas

Phenoxymethylpenicillin

PENAL: Erythromycin

10

Animal or human bite

Co-Amoxiclav

PENAL: Doxycycline + Metronidazole

11

Mastitis during breast feeding

Flucloxacillin

12

Throat infections

Phenoxymethylpenicillin

PENAL: Erythromycin

13

Sinusitis

Amoxicillin

or Doxycycline

or Erythromycin

14

Otitis media

Amoxicillin

PENAL: Erythromycin

15

Otitis externa

Flucloxacillin

PENAL: Erythromycin

16

Periapical or Periodontal abscess

Amoxicillin

17

Gingivitis: acute necrotising ulcerative

Metronidazole

18

Genital herpes

Oral Aciclovir 5x5

19

Genital warts

Condylomata accuminata

HPV 6+11

1. Topical podophyllum (4wk, multiple) or Cryrotherapy (single)

2. Imiquimod (16wk)

20

Syphilis

Benzathine Benzylpenicillin stat (repeat in 6d if 3rd trimester)

or 14d Doxycyline

or 14d Erythromycin

21

Donavanosis

Granuloma inguinale

Klebsiella granulomatis

Azithromycin or Doxycyline

Pregnant: Erythromycin

22

Candidiasis (thrush)

PO Fluconazole stat

Topical/ pressary: Clotrimazole

23

Trichomonas Vaginalis

Metronidazole 2g stat or 400mg/5d

24

Bacterial Vaginosis

Metronidazole 2g stat or 400mg/5d

2. Topical Metronidazole or Clindamycin

25

Chlamydia

Azithromycin 1g stat

or Doxycycline 7d

Pregnant: Erythromycin 14d

26

Gonnorrhoea

Azithromycin 1g PO stat + Ceftriazone 500mg IM

27

PID

Ceftriazone 500mg IM stat + Doxycycline PO 7d

2. Ofloxacin + Metronidazole PO 14d (not Gonorrhoea)

Severe: IV ceftriazone + metronidazole + doxycycline

28

Campylobacter enteritis

Clarithromycin

Alternative Ciprofloxacin

29

Salmonella (non-typhoid)

Ciprofloxacin

30

Shigellosis

Ciprofloxacin