Antidepressant Drug Names Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Antidepressant Drug Names Deck (18):
1

Imipramine

Tricyclic antidepressant

2

Fluoxetine

SSRI
(Prozac)
Longest 1/2 life w/ active metabolites. Do not need to taper.

3

Phenelzine

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor

4

Trimipramine

TCA

5

Citalopram

SSRI
(Celexa)

6

Amitriptyline

TCA

7

Paroxetine*

SSRI
(Paxil)
Most serotonin specific, most activating

8

Escitalopram*

SSRI
(Lexapro)
Fewer side effects, much more expensive

9

Desipramine*

TCA
Least sedating, least anticholinergic side effects

10

Clomipramine*

TCA
Most serotonin specific
Useful in treating OCD

11

Sertraline*

SSRI
(Zoloft)
highest risk for GI disturbances

12

Tranylcypromine

MAOI

13

Venlafaxine*

Serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI)
Useful in REFRACTORY DEPRESSION
Do not use w/ untreated/labile BP (increases BP)
Withdrawal symptoms: flu-like, electric like shocks/zaps

14

Bupropion*

Norepinephrine/dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRI)
(Wellbutrin)
SMOKING CESSATION, SAD, ADHD
+: No sexual side effects
-: Exacerbate psychosis (DA effect), lower seizure threshold

15

Nefazodone*

Serotonin antagonist/reuptake inhibitors (SARI)
REFACTORY MAJOR DEPRESSION
MD w/ ANXIETY
INSOMNIA
SE: nausea, dizziness, orthostatic hypotenison, *cardiac arrhythmias, *sedation, *priapism (erect penis)

16

Trazodone*

Serotonin antagonist/reuptake inhibitors (SARI)
REFACTORY MAJOR DEPRESSION
MD w/ ANXIETY
INSOMNIA
SE: nausea, dizziness, orthostatic hypotenison, *cardiac arrhythmias, *sedation, *priapism (erect penis)

17

Mirtazapine*

Norepinephrine and serotonin antagonists (NASA)
REFRACTORY MAJOR DEPRESSION (need to gain weight)
SE: *weight gain, sedation (

18

Nortriptyline

TCA
Least likely to cause orthostatic hypotension --> use w/ elderly