Anxiolytics/Hypnotics Drug Names Flashcards Preview

Psychopharmacology > Anxiolytics/Hypnotics Drug Names > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiolytics/Hypnotics Drug Names Deck (14):
1

1st line anxiolytics =

Advantage:
Disadvantage:

Mechanism:

Benzodiazepines (-lam, -pam)

Advantage: safety at high doses (barbiturates do not)
Disadvantage: dependence, tolerance

Potentiate GABA effect

2

Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)

Use:

Long acting BDZ (1-3 days)

Alcohol detox
Presurgery anxiety

3

Diazepam (Valium)

Use:

Long acting BDZ (1-3 days)
Rapid onset

Anxiety
Seizure control

4

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Use:

Intermediate acting BDZ (10-20 hrs)

Panic attacks

5

Flurazepam (Dalmane)

Use:

Long acting BDZ (1-3 days)
Rapid onset

Insomnia

6

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Use:

Intermediate acting BDZ (10-20 hrs)

Panic attacks
Alcohol withdrawal

7

Oxazepam (Serax)

Short acting BDZ (3-8 hrs)

8

Triazolam (Halcion)

Use:

Short acting BDZ (3-8 hrs)
Rapid onset

Insomnia

9

Clonazepam (Klonopin)

Use:

Intermediate acting BDZ (10-20 hrs)

Panic attacks
Anxiety

10

Temazepam (Restoril)

Intermediate acting BDZ (10-20 hrs)

Insomnia

11

BDZ toxicity

Respiratory depression in overdose

Lethal when mixed w/ alcohol

12

Zolpidem (Ambien)
Zaleplon (Sonata)

Use:

T/F: Significant withdrawal symptoms.
T/F: No tolerance/dependence
T/F: Anticonvulsant and mm relaxant properties

Non-BDZ: binds to GABA receptor

Short-term treatment of insomnia

F, T, F

13

Buspirone
Use:

T/F: Faster onset than BDZ
T/F: Anxiolytic action is at GABA receptor
T/F: Dangerous to give to alcoholics due to CNS depression.
T/F: Low potential for abuse/addition

Generalized anxiety disorder

False: 1-2 weeks for effect
False: 5HT-1A receptor (partial agonist)
False: Good for alcoholics b/c does NOT potentiate CNS depression
True

14

Propranolol =

Used for:

= beta blocker

autonomic effects of panic attacks/performance anxiety (palpitations, sweating, tachycardia)
Akathisia SE of typical antipsycotics