Flashcards in Anxiety Deck (13):
Anxiety vs Fear
Anxiety: anticipation of threat
Fear: emotions to danger
Out of proportion or prolonged
Symptom of children
NT involved in anxiety
NE, Serotonin, Dopamine, GABA
Abnormal after 2.5 years.
Often with another anxiety disorder.
Etiology: Parent (modeling, styles, anxiety), External stress
Tx: CBT, Family psychosocial therapy, SSRI
Cued by specific object or situation
Greater than 6 months.
Etiology: Modeling (runs in the family), Substance abuse common
Tx: Anti-anxiety meds, Desensitization
Fear of embarrassment (not actual situation)
Sx: blushing & muscle twitching
Etiology: Parent with panic disorder, overcritical, not caring
Tx: SSRI, SNRI, Buspar, Benzo
BB for performance.
CBT, Exposure therapy
Etiology: Greater life events/loss
Hyperventilation: paper bag to avoid resp alkalosis
May vasovagal & lose consciousness
Course: Chronic, late adolescence
Tx: CBT, SSRI, Benzos. 6-12 mo.
Fear of places can't escape from.
Benzo, TCA, Pyschotherapy
Worry about everyday things, constant
More days than not for >6 mo.
Presentation: may be due to somatic sx, "as long as can remember"
Tx: lifelong-SSRI, SNRI, Benzo, Buspirone
Drug therapy often needed for CBT to work
Does not CURE.
Due to other medical condition
1. MCC: Cardiomyopathy & waiting transplant
2. Sjogrens & Graves ds
Course: wax & wane with medical condition
Tx: Tx underlying condition
If still--SSRI, Benzo, therapy
Sympathomimetics (amphet, cocaine, caffiene)
Serotenergic (LSD, MDMA)
Sx: Memory & cognition may be impaired