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Flashcards in Anxiety and Disorders Deck (12)
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1

Anxiety

subjectively distressful experience activated by the perception of a threat
should have a psychological and physiological expression

2

Mild Anxiety s/s

increased questioning
mild restlessness
sleeplessness
LEARNING TO ADAPT
feelings of increased alertness/arousal

3

Moderate Anxiety s/s

voice tremors
pitch changes
muscle tremors
facial twitches
shakiness
increased tension
narrowed focus of attention
SELECTIVELY INATTENTIVE
LEARNING SLIGHTLY IMPAIRED
slight increase in heart/respirations
butterflies in stomach

4

Severe Anxiety s/s

hard to understand
UNABLE TO RELAX INCREASED MOTOR ACTIVITY
fearful look
inability to focus
severely impaired learning
impaired judgement
easily distracted
tachycardia
hyperventilation
headache
dizziness
nausea

5

Panic Anxiety s/s

striking dread/terror
accompanied by dissociation
complete loss of control
agitation
trembling
loss of coordination
UNABLE TO LEARN
distorted perception
dyspnea
palpitations
choking
chest pain
paresthesia
diaphoresis
dilated pupils

6

Consequences of Anxiety mild/moderate s severe/panic

may have a positive impact or increase anxiety
can lead to injury to self or others

7

Anxiety RF

non-hispanic whites
females
lower SES
30s-50s
families

8

Anxiety Diagnostic Tests

Beck Anxiety Inventory
Spence Children's Anxiety Scale
Social Phobia Inventory

9

Interventions in Severe/Panic Anxiety

Take actions (prevent risks for self-harm, decrease stimuli)
Ensure Safety (maintain physiological fx, fluids, manage for hyperventilation, give prescribed meds)
Stabilization (hospitalization, maybe Benzo)
Patient Centered care (calm manner, don't reference phobias or rituals)

10

Interventions in Moderate Anxiety

enhance coping strategies/psychoeducation (realize anxiety/how common it is/not life-threatening)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (restructuring/new behavior)
Anxiety Reduction Techniques (milleu therapy, monitoring, guided imagery, meditation)
Life Style Adjustments
Medications

11

Interventions in Mild Anxiety

may be asymptomatic
typically resolved w/ coping mechanism (sleep/hygiene/relaxation techniques)
focus on appraisals of stress

12

Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)

tx OCD
confrontation > assist pt to delay/avoid ritual