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Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (12):
1

fear vs. anxiety

fear: emotion, response to something, real and present danger
anxiety: apprehension about anticipated events
- physical and mental, difficult to control their thoughts in this state, halo effect, good up to a certain extent, physiological changes: sweat, trembling, pulse racing

2

classification of anxiety disorders

splitting movement has divided anxiety disorders
- neuroses => depression & anxiety as separate categories
core symptom of anxiety disorders: intense worry disproportionate to actual danger

3

rise of interest

ASYLUMS: anxiety could not fit into that equation
FREUD: developed psychoanalysis to help us understand mental illness/disorders

4

panic disorder

WHAT? recurrent, unexpected panic attacks lasting around 10 minutes, may lead to avoidance strategies
SYMPTOMS:palpitations, pounding heart, shortness of breath, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness. nausea

5

social anxiety disorder

intense persistent fear associated with performance for interpersonal interactions, may disappear if performed privately
medicalized??

6

specific/simple phobia

persistent, excessive fears with an object/situation, not selective, may be considered irrational or unreasonable, daily life consumed with avoidance

7

agoraphobia

extreme fear about situations where escape is difficult
*not about crowded spaces but DISTANCE TO SAFETY*
"home-bodies, aisle-huggers", most debilitating

8

generalized anxiety disorder

WHAT? "chronic worriers" broad anxiety, unclear source, not fixed on a specific object or situation, no anxiety attacks
SYMPTOMS
disturbances in sleep, irritable, difficulty concentrating, restlessness, chronic, low-key, long lasting
CONTROVERSITY
low diagnostic reliability, common in women, overlap with others

9

explanations for anxiety disorders

EVOLUTIONARY: anxiety is adaptive in some places
FREUD: we get anxious when we're about to do something we shouldn't do
BEHAVIOURAL: anxiety = learned through condition, reinforcement
LIFE EVENTS
GENETICS: genetic makeup? brain defect?

10

treatment for anxiety disorders

PSYCHOTHERAPIES: talk therapy, exposure therapy, relaxation techniques, CBT
ANXIOLYTICS: benzodiazepines, work on immediate symptoms, calming, may lose effectiveness, addictive, doesn't alter thinking

11

benzo backlash

"mothers little helper"
1970s: became the most prescribed, boom in demand = black market
highly addictive => severe reduction in prescription rates
1990s: medical model dominating

12

comorbidity

when people are diagnosed with more than one mental disorder
anxiety & depression, anxiety & substance abuse disorders, anxiety & mood disorders = high cormorbidity