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Flashcards in AP Deck (91):
1

Diction

Word choice

2

syntax

ordering of words in a sentence and how it achieves tone, meaning, and point of view

3

style

describes how author uses language to get his point across

4

tone

attitude and mood created by style

5

point of view

stance/opinion revealed by style and tone

6

imagery

language used for sensual perception

7

hyperbole

exaggeration

8

understatement

presenting facts in a way that makes them seem less significant than they are

9

simile

comparing two objects using "like" or "as."

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metaphor

comparing objects not using "like" or "as"

11

symbol

a word that represents something other than itself

12

denotation

a word's primary meaning (definition)

13

connotation

the vast range of other meanings a word suggests

14

oxymoron

an apparent contradiction of terms

15

paradox

an apparent contradiction of ideas or statements

16

personification

giving human qualities to an inanimate objects

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rhetorical question

a question with an obvious answer

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bombast

pompous language

19

metonymy

one term substituted for another term which is closely associated

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synecdoche

metonymy restricted to a part signifying the whole

21

theme

general ideas

22

euphemism

words used to avoid employing an unpleasant or offensive term

23

verbal irony

stating something but meaning the opposite (sarcasm)

24

situational irony

a situation runs contrary to what is expected

25

satire

something portrayed in a way that is deliberately distorted to achieve comic effect.

26

Logos

appealing to reason and logic with hard facts, evidence, statistics, etc.

27

ethos

appeal to speaker's credibility (expert or authority)

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pathos

appealing to emotions, values, or desires of the audience.

29

didactic

intended to instruct

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arbiter

judge who decides disputed issue

31

incontrovertible

unable to be denied or disputed

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vinidicated

freed from blame

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indolent

lazy

34

torpor

laziness; inactivity; dullness

35

disparity

inequality in age, rank, or degree; difference

36

sanction

economic or military measure put in place to punish another country

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opulent

exhibiting a display of great wealth

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poignant

profoundly moving; touching

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effusive

emotionally unrestrained; gushy

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egregious

conspicuously bad or offensive

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gratuitous

given freely; unearned unwarranted

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benevolent

well-meaning; generous

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mollify

to calm or soothe

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dubious

doubtful; of unlikely authenticity

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astute

shrewd; clever

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clandestine

secretive

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stratagem

clever trick to deceive or outwit

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wily

cunning

49

apathetic

feeling or showing little emotion

50

capricious

impulsive and unpredictable

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whimsical

subject to erratic behaviour; unpredictable

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intrepid

courageous; fearless

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proliferate

to grow or increase rapidly

54

consensus

general agreement

55

incumbent

imposed as a duty; obligatory

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enlightening

informative; contributing to one's awareness

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profound

having great depth or seriousness

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innate

possessed from birth; inborn

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transient

passing away with time

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affable

easy-going; friendly

61

facetious

playfully humorous

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dilettante

one with amateurish or superficial understanding of a field of knowledge

63

decorous

proper; marked by good taste

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staid

unemotional; serious

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pejorative

describing words or phrases that belittle or speak negatively of someone

66

brusque

rudely abrupt

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fractious

quarrelsome; unruly

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ingrate

an ungrateful person

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insolent

insulting in manner or speech

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deleterious

having a harmful effect; injurious

71

heinous

hatefully evil; abominable

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rancorous

hateful; marked by deep-seated ill-will

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austere

without decoration; strict

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ponderous

extremely dull

75

apprehension

anxiety or fear about the future

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trepidation

uncertainty, apprehension

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nascent

coming into existence; emerging

78

novel

strikingly new or unusual

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conflagration

a widespread fire

80

comprehensive

large in scope or content

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prodigious

enormous

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laudatory

giving praise

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fastidious

possessing careful attention to detail; difficult to please

84

pragmatic

practical

85

anachronism

something out of place in time or sequence

86

apology

defense of an idea

87

chiasmus

an inversion in the second of two parallel phrases

88

lexicon

word book describing language with definitions; a dictionary

89

paradigm

an example or model

90

period

long, complex, grammatically correct sentence

91

propitious

presenting favorable circumstances