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Flashcards in AP CS Deck (16):
1

Innovation

A novel or improved idea, device, product, etc, or the development thereof

2

Binary

A way of representing information using only two options

3

Bit

A contraction of "Binary Digit". A bit is the single unit of information in a computer, typically represented as a 0 or 1.

4

Bandwidth

Transmission capacity measure by bit rate

5

Bit rate

(sometimes written bitrate) the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time. e.g. 8 bits/sec.

6

Latency

Time it takes for a bit to travel from its sender to its receiver.

7

Protocol

A set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data between devices.

8

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is the universally recognized raw text format that any computer can understand.

9

Code

(v) to write code, or to write instructions for a computer.

10

IETF - Internet Engineering Task Force

develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards and protocols, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

11

Internet

A group of computers and servers that are connected to each other.

12

Packets

Small chunks of information that have been carefully formed from larger chunks of information.

13

TCP - Transmission Control Protocol

provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of packets on the internet. TCP is tightly linked with IP and usually seen as TCP/IP in writing.

14

DNS

The service that translates URLs to IP addresses

15

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol - the protocol used for transmitting web pages over the Internet

16

URL

- An easy-to-remember address for calling a web page (like www.code.org)