AP English 11 Literary Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP English 11 Literary Terms Deck (53):
1

Allusion

A brief reference to a person or thing, most often from history, mythology, or religion

2

Ambiguity

multiple meanings

3

analogy

a resemblance between two different things which require more explanation than a simile would require, using something familiar to explain the unfamiliar

4

assonance

the close repetition of similar vowel sounds

5

Cacophany

discordant or harsh sounds

6

chiasmus

a verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first half with the parts reversed. (fair is foul, foul is fair)

7

connotation

the implied or suggested meanings evoked by a word

8

Consonance

close repetition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowels (flip flop and east west)

9

denotation

a words most literal and limited meaning

10

dissonance

cacophany

11

hyperbole

exaggeration for effect

12

inversion

the reversal of normal order of words in a sentence

13

irony

a result opposite from what is expected (dramatic irony, situation irony, verbal irony)

14

litotes

understatement for effect

15

metaphor

comparing two fundamentally different things without using "like" or "as"

16

metonymy

substitution of one word or phrase for another that is very closely associated with it (the white house declared today...)

17

neologism

a newly coined word or phrase (eg chortle)

18

oxymoron

a two-word apparent contradiction (ash snowflakes)

19

paradox

an apparently contradictory statement that contains a basis of truth that reconciles the seeming opposites

20

parallel structure

repetition of two or more items using identical grammatical structure within each item

21

personification

giving human or life-like qualities to nonhuman objects or abstract ideas (tears trudge from her eyes)

22

simile

comparing two fundamentally different things using "like" and "as" (bodies like driftwood in a stream)

23

syllepsis

a figure of speech in which the same word is applied to two others in different senses (creased-up cardboard and annoyed face)

24

symbol

something concrete that stands for something abstract

25

synecdoche

substitution of a part of the whole (all hands on deck)

26

synesthesia

the intermingling of sensations/crossing the lines between the senses (sound of the smell of the footsteps)

27

Alliteration

Close repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words

35

allegory

An extended narrative that carries a second meaning along with the surface story

35

apostrophe

a personified abstraction or the addressing of a person not present

36

Asyndeton

a list or a series in which no "and" is used at all; the items in the list are separated by commas alone

36

diction

word choice

36

euphony

agreeable sounds

37

figurative language

makes use of figures of speech- most of which are techniques for comparing dissimilar objects, to achieve effects beyond the range of literal language

37

genre

a literary type or class

38

imagery

the use of language to create visual pictures

38

meiosis

litotes

39

onomatopoeia

using words that sound like what they mean

40

paraphrase

the restatement in different words of the sense of a piece of writing

41

polysyndeton

a list or series of words, phrases, or clauses connected with the repeated use of the same conjunction, most commonly "and" or "or"

42

Precis

a concise summary or abstract of a longer work

43

pun

word play involving either the use of words with two different meanings or two words spelled differently but with similar meanings

44

repetition

a fundamental device in art- assonance, alliteration, consonance, and parallelism

45

rhetoric

the art of using words effectively in speaking or in writing

46

sarcasm

bitter, derisive expression; verbal irony

47

satire

ridicule of any subject

47

solecism

deviation from conventional grammar, syntax, or pronunciation

48

syntax

the arrangement of and relationships among words, phrases, and clauses forming sentences (sentence structure)

49

tautology

needless repetition of an idea using different words (died of a fatal dose of heroin)

50

tone

the authors attitude towards his subject shown indirectly

51

trope

in general, any rhetorical or figurative device

52

zuegma

syllepsis

53

stream of consciousness

writing that reflects the natural, realistic flow of a characters thoughts

53

syllogism

a deduction from two propositions (all men are mortal, greeks are men, therefore, all greeks are mortal)