Flashcards in Notes Deck (15):
What is linguistics?
The study of the nature, structure, and variation of language
What are the 2 definitions of vernacular?
1. Standard native language of a country or locality
2. Everyday language specific to a region or social group
What is colloquial speech?
Words used in ordinary conversation rather than formal speech
What is slang?
Language used in casual or playful speech
-uses figures of speech
-usually intended for humor
What is prescriptive grammar?
Structure of language as people think it should be used
-rules and conventions
What is descriptive grammar?
Structure of language as it is actually used by speakers and writers
-studied by linguists
What is a parenthetic expression?
Group of words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence and can be omitted without changing the sentence's meaning
What is a restrictive modifier?
Presents information essential to the identity of the noun
-no commas needed
What is a nonrestrictive modifier?
Presents info not essential to the identity of the noun
When is a dash used?
-too long or too abrupt
-modifiers contain commas
-highlight or emphasize info
When are parentheses used?
-multi sentence explanations
-downplay the info
What is the difference between the period and semi colon?
-semi colon suggests close relationship
-period provides distinct separation
How do you make a singular noun possessive?
Add 's no matter the final consonant
How do you make a plural noun possessive?
-Add just apostrophe if plural noun ends in s
-Add 's if it does not end in s