APGOVCh.11.Kamari.Blankenship Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in APGOVCh.11.Kamari.Blankenship Deck (18):
1

Political Party

An organized group that may include office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who pursue their common interests by gaining and exercising power through the electoral process

2

Thomas Jefferson

Principal drafter of the Declaration of Independence; second vice president of the United States; third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. Co-founder of the Democratic-Republican Party

3

Political Machine

A party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity

4

Candidate-Centered Politics

Politics that focus on the candidates, their particular issues, and character rather than party affiliation

5

Party Realignment

Dramatic shifts in partisan preferences that drastically alter the political landscape

6

Critical Election

An election that signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues and personalities

7

Secular Realignment

The gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts that on shocks to the political system

8

National Convention

A party meeting held in in the presidential election year for the purposes of nominating a presidential and vice presidential ticket and adopting a platform

9

Delegate

Role played by representative who votes the way his or her constituents would want, regardless of personal opinions; may refer to an elected representative to Congress or a representative to the party convention

10

Superdelegate

Delegate to the Democratic Party's national convention that is reserved for a party official and whose vote at the convention is unpledged to a candidate

11

Donald J. Trump

The forty-fifth president, a Republican, elected in 2016; first president elected without prior political or military experience; an experienced businessman

12

national party platform

A statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention

13

Barack Obama

The first African American president of the United States, a democrat, who served as forty-fourth president from 2009-2017. Senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008; member of the Illinois senate from 1997 to 2004.

14

party identification

A citizen's attachment to a political party based on issues, ideology, past experience, or upbringing, which tends to be a reliable indicator of likely voting choices

15

Hillary Clinton

First female major party candidate for president of the United States, a Democrat, who ran against President Donald J. Trump in 2016. Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013; New York senator from 2001 to 2009; former first lady

16

proportional representation

A voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by a particular political party

17

winner-take-all system

An electoral system in which the party that receives at least one more vote than any other party wins the elections

18

partisan polarization

The presence of increasingly conflicting and divided viewpoints between the Democratic and Republican Parties