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Flashcards in Approaching the New Testament Deck (18):
1

When was the phrase "New Testament" first used?

Jeremiah 31:31

Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah.

chadash

2

When did the Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and the temple?

586 BC

3

What two terms both mean the "anointed one?"

Christ

Messiah

4

What does 2 Peter 1:21 reject?

Dictation theory

For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

5

What are the three solas the Reformation was centered on?

Grace alone

Faith alone

Scripture alone

6

What is the formal principle?

The form of God's revelation to us in His Word.

7

What is the dominant expression of God's will?

The Gospel

Mercy triumphs over judgment. James 2:13

8

What is hermeneutics?

How one interprets Scripture.

9

When interpreting a text what three things does one need to be cognizant of?

  1. Author of the text and his world.
  2. The text itself.
  3. The receptor/hearer/reader

10

What does the Greek word for confession mean?

To say the same thing.

11

When was the New Testament written?

A.D. 40 - 100

12

When were written materials first put into a book like format and what were they called?

Second century

codex

13

What does canon mean?

Greek word for reed or rod used as a measuring stick.

The collection of New Testament books.

14

When were all 27 books of the New Testament listed and by whom?

In A.D. 386 by Athanasius who identified them as the "fountains of salvation."

The wider church recognized the same list at the Council of Carthage in A.D. 397.

15

What is the antilegomena?

Seven books of the Bible that were spoken against.

Hebrews, James, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John, Jude, and Revelation

16

What is the Septuagint?

The Greek translation of the Old Testament.

17

When did Greek become the common language of the Mediterranean world?

Since Alexander the Great 336BC to 323BC.

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