Flashcards in Archaeologists Deck (44):
What is history?
History is the study of the past and the story of human activity.
The prehistoric period is before writhing was used.
The historic period is when people used writing.
Evidence that helps historians to build up a picture of the past is called a source.
Primary sources come directly from the past.
A Secondary source is evidence that comes from a later date.
The study of what hs been left behind by people from the past.
Before the invention of the printing press, all books and documents were called manuscripts.
Anno domini. After Christ.
Objects made by humans.
When archaeologist dig in the ground looking for remains from the past.
An account of a person's life written by the actual person.
The story of a persons life life written by another person.
Historians will look at as many sources as possible and then compare what they have found.
Dose the source favour one side or another? The views of the author have to be considered. Newspapers can be biased.
A measurement system can be accurate but not precise, precise but not accurate, neither, or both.
The order in which a series of events happened.
A century is one hundred years.
A millennium is a thousand years.
The person who discovered and studies the objects left behind from the past.
There might be an old document showing that a building once existed on the side.
They want to make sure that no objects or evidence from the past are lost.
A study carried out on the site before archaeologists start digging.
DNA is present in the cells of our bodies. It is passed from generation to generation.
Dating a wooden object by the number of rings. It can also tell us about trend in weather.
Every living object contains carbon 14. When it dies the amount of carbon decreases. Historians can use this to date the object.
Dates objects by the depth in the ground. The deeper the object, the older it is.
Well preserved human bodies know as bog bodies have been found in Ireland.
The bodies of mummies of ancient Egyptians rulers called pharaohs have been founded in deserts.
Aerial photographs are taken. These show the size if the site and can show features that may be missed on the ground.
The excavation or dig then begins.
They will dig test trenches so that they can get some idea of the amount of remains they can expect to find.
Wooden poles used for building houses leave dark around patches called post-holes
Layers of earth are scraped away using a trowel.
A hand-pick is used to lessen soil.
When an object is discorded, archaeologist have to be careful not to damage it. They will use brushes and even toothbrushes to make sure that this doesn't happen
Large number of gold and silver objects are often found together. They were buried for safekeeping and their owners didn't comeback for them. Archaeologists call this type of find a hoard.
As some objects are very small, the soil is often put through a sieve to make sure that nothing is missed.
New Stone Age.
Where the first farmers came from (modern day Iran and Iraq).
A tougher heavier stone used especially for weapons.
Wattle and daub
Technique used in the building of houses.