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Flashcards in Archaeology Deck (24)
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1

What's the difference between an archaeologist and historian ?

A Historian looks at written documents an archaeologist digs up evidence

2

What is history ?

History is the study of events and people from the past

3

What is a source ?

Sources are pieces of evidence used by historians to determine what happened in the past

4

What is a primary source ?

A source from the time of the event ( e.g Anne Frank's diary )

5

What is a secondary source ?

A source that happened after the event ( e.g our history textbook )

6

What is an autobiography?

A book you write about yourself

7

What is a biography

A book someone else writes about you

8

What does BC stand for ?

Before Christ

9

What does AD stand for

Anno Domini ( "the year of our lord" in Latin )

10

What does it mean to be bias ?

An unfair preference or opinion about somebody or something

11

Definition of accuracy ?

How wrong or right something is

12

Definition of exaggeration ?

Adding false details ( lying ) to/ about something to make it more interesting

13

Chronological/ly ?

Things/ events mentioned in the order that they have happened

14

What is an artefact?

Man made objects found by archaeologists

15

Fossils ?

Plants found by archaeologists

16

What is pre-history ?

Before writing

17

What is a site ?

A site is where an archaeologist works

18

Name some ways of finding a site ?

Aerial photograph, Geophysics, Rescue/ salvage archaeology, Excavation/ dig.

19

What type of tools does an archaeologist use ?

Pickaxes, Trovels, Brushes, Shovels, Sieves and sometimes toothbrushes.

20

Name some ways of dating objects?

Stratigraphy, Dendrochronology, D.N.A, Carbon Dating.

21

What is Stratigraphy ? Or what type of artefact is it used for ?

Coins and swords metal objects

22

What type of artefacts is dendrochronology used for ?

Wooden objects only

23

What type of artefact is D.N.A used for ?

Skeletons

24

Explain carbon dating

Carbon dating is a method of dating once living things. We have a substance in us called Carbon 14 that slowly releases after death the less of the substance the longer you've been dead for. That's how we measure living artefacts