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Flashcards in Ancient Rome Deck (86)
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1

When was Rome founded ?

753 BC

2

Which two brothers was Rome founded by ?

Romulus and Remus sons of Rhea Silvia

3

What did Rome cover ?

Western Europe, Middle East and North Africa

4

Rome became a republic country. What does that mean ?

It means that Rome got to choose its own leaders

5

What does senate mean ?

Parliament

6

Who are the senators ?

Members of the parliament

7

Explain what a consuls is ?

A consuls is a 1 year position to ensure no one person gained too much power.

8

Who were considered the real rulers of Rome ?

The soldiers

9

How much did they have to march per day..?

30 kilometres

10

What were the army divided into ? And how mange soilders were there in it ?

The army was divided into legions 5000 soldiers per legion.

11

How many legions in the whole empire?

30

12

How many years did the soldiers have to serve ?

20 years

13

What did someone have to be to become a soldier?

They had to be a roman citizen

14

What was the backup army called ?

An auxilia

15

What is a mutiny ?

When an army goes against/tries to betray their leader

16

What is a decimatio ?

When a mutiny happened everyone involved was lined up and every 10th person was killed

17

What did the soldiers wear over their tunics ?

A chain mail vest

18

What did they carry ?

A shield sword and dagger

19

What was a pilum?

A javelin like weapon

20

What were greaves ?

Shin pads

21

Calvary ?

Soldier on horseback

22

Artillery?

Soldier in charge of machinery

23

Gruel

A soup soldiers ate

24

What were the poor of Rome called ?

Plebeians

25

What were the rich if the poor called ?

Patricians

26

What was a forum ?

The centre of Rome

27

What was the via sacle ?

A path soldiers walked down when they won a war or battle

28

( patricians house ) antrium ?

Open square in the centre of the house

29

Impulvium

Small pool ( filled in by rainwater )

30

What was the bedroom called ?

Cubicula