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Flashcards in Army History Deck (44):
1

What date was the Army flag dedicated?

14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)

2

What is the oldest part of our Army?

The Army National Guard (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized
America’s first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National
Guard.)
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-2 / PDF 54)

3

What did the U.S. Army begin?

June 14, 1775
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-8 / PDF 56)

4

Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?

George Washington

5

When was the start of the Revolutionary War?

19 April, 1775
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-7 / PDF 56)

6

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

July 04, 1776
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-7 / PDF 56)

7

The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley
Forge in the winter of 1778?

Baron Fredreich von Steuben
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-13 / PDF 59)

8

What did Baron Fredriech von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?

He taught the Continental Army:
A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European
armies.
Proper care of equipment.
The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been
marked).
He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers.
Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldiers.

9

What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was
later replaced by the "Constitution"?

The Articles of Confederation
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-25 / PDF 61)

10

The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from
France in what became known as what?

The Louisiana Purchase
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-29 / PDF 63)

11

Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the
author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since
the publication of Baron von Steuben's "Blue Book"?

General Winfield Scott
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-43 / PDF 65)

12

What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821".

The Hand Salute
How to conduct a march
How to make a good stew for the company
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-43 / PDF 65)

13

What is the bloodiest war in American history?

The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides.
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-74 / PDF 73)

14

When and where did the Civil War actually begin?

The Civil War being in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort
Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-58 / PDF 68)

15

The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?

More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-61 / PDF 69)

16

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves
in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?

01 January 1863.
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-66 / PDF 70)

17

Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?

12 July 1862.
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-67 / PDF 71)

18

Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?

Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33d Ohio Volunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-67 / PDF 71)

19

The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?

01 July 1863
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-68 / PDF 71)

20

General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?

09 april, 1865
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-73 / PDF 73)

21

Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?

Dr. Mary E. Walker

22

Congress declared war on Spain on what date?

25 april, 1898
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-79 / PDF 76)

23

When did World War I begin?

August 1914
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-85 / PDF 78)

24

What event sparked the start of World War I?

A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and
his wife during a visit to Sarajevo.
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-85 / PDF 78)

25

On 23 February 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note
from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico. In the note
were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States
and promising that Mexico could regain what?

Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-85 / PDF 78)

26

On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?

02 April, 1917
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-86 / PDF 78)

27

The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of
1918. Known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the United
States?

Veteran’s Day
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-86 / PDF 78)

28

One result of WW I was the creation of what International body roughly similar to the
United Nations of today?

The League of Nations (it was envisioned as a forum where disputes could be settled
peacefully)
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-100 / PDF 83)

29

National Defense Act of June 4, 1920 governed the organization and regulation of what
until 1950?

The Army
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-101 / PDF 84)

30

On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?

07 December 1941
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-113 / PDF 87)

31

The Women's Army Corps was created in what year?

1943
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-151 / PDF 102)

32

When was D Day?

06 June 1944
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-119 / PDF 89)

33

Just after dawn on D Day, the 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry Divisions assaulted what
beaches?

Utah and Omaha
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-119 / PDF 89)

34

President Truman authorized the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying
Hiroshima and Nagasaki on what dates?

Hiroshima – 06 August 1945
Nagasaki – 09 August 1945
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-130 / PDF 93)

35

The National Security Act of 1947 was a sweeping reorganization of the US military.
What did it establish?

Department of Defense
Army
Navy
Air Force
(FM7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-133 / PDF 95)

36

What year marked the start of the Korean War?

1950
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-136 / PDF 96)

37

In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put
184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year's end?

1965
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-144 / PDF 99)

38

What is the longest war in U.S. History?

The Vietnam War

39

In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put
184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year's end?

1965
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-144 / PDF 99)

40

After a U.S. Marine was shot in 1989 in Panama, what Operation was launched?

Operation Just Cause
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-157 / PDF 104)

41

General H. Norman Schwarzkopf and his Saudi counterpart sent their multinational
ground forces across the border into Iraq in what in late February of what year?

1991
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-159 / PDF 106)

42

On what date did the United States enormous support from the global community,
respond to the attacks on September 11th, 2001 with attacks on the al-Qaeda network
and the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan that was supporting it?

07 October, 2001
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-166 / PDF 107)

43

With a coalition that included Great Britain, Australia, Poland and 44 other nations, the
United States began offensive military operations to remove Saddam Hussein from
power and liberate Iraq on what date?

20 March 2003
(FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-169 / PDF 109)

44

When was Saddam Husein captured?

13 December 2003