Flashcards in Arson Deck (66)
Define reckless disregard.
It must be proved that the offender intended to damage the property recognising that there was a risk of damaging other property but I proceeded regardless of the risk.
Detailed internal examination
Smoke deposits and burn patterns
Damage to wall studs
Soot deposits on windows/glass
Damage to roofing timbers
Damage to windowsills or door edges
Skirting board damage
Elimination of false low burns
Removal of fire debris and underfloor inspection
Floor areas burnt through
Attempt to commit arson
There must be an intent to commit arson the person must be sufficiently approximate.
And the acts maybe sufficiently approximate
What should you look for in a scene involving explosives
spread of debris’s
smell Particula to exploded material
An overlay of dust
Shredding of material
What Enquiries should you carry out with insurance companies following a fire.
Particulars of insurance (premises and contents) policy type.
prior claims details
Increases in cover (details).
Copies of policies
The service of assessor (value of building and damage)
(these may indicate motive and the insurance Council of New Zealand can provide information if suspected that building is insured by multiple companies)
Initial action: first people to interview?
1 -Briefly interview informant do not overlook they maybe offender.
2-Initial interview of fire service inspector if present or OC first fire appliance to attend.
3-the incident controller at the scene.
When must the fire service report of fire to police?
When a fire service attend a fire that results in-
Fire service consider suspicious
When speaking to fire incident controller what must you ask them?
state of fire on arrival
Action taken by fire service with regard to entry and ventilation
Suspicious fire in nature and why
Appliances which attended
Security info about building
Alterations to the scene-force windows/doors
Suspicious previous all vehicles in vicinity
Informant-opinions of informant
Under which circumstances can a person be held criminally liable for recklessness with regard to fires?
(when are you not legally allowed to sit fires)
If they know or ought to know that danger to life is likely to ensure
If they have no interest in the property destroyed
If they know that the fire is likely to damage or destroy someone else’s property as a consequence
With regard to fire scene safety, in order to identify the best method of protection, you must consider?
Scene hazards present at the scene(assessment).
Air quality - inhaling toxic substances
Falling objects from above.
Eliminate, isolate, minimise hazards. Strategy to assist with incident prevention.
Tripping on fire debris
Yelping - cutting and wounding objects Warning
Guarding and controlling the scene?
(Fire extinguished and attending police be aware of)
Reignition from hotspots
Report all matters of significance-to crime scene coordinator, of investigation
Avoid interfering with scene
Locate possible witnesses amongst crowds
Exclude onlookers, property owners and anyone else
Be vigilant which for possible suspects
What eight initial action steps must you take when dealing with fires not involving explosives?
One) informant-consider if offender
Two) scene-security controlled
Three) interview - scene fire inspector and first attending appliance
Four) interview - incident controller
Five) fire extinguished? Safety of the scene - conference with scene fire inspector + police ( prelim exam)
Six) suspicious- regroup, hold briefing conference.
Seven) conference - plan of action - deploy staff - guard control scene - id and interview witnesses - conduct area enquiries.
Eight) comm’s - sitrep - assistance and specialists
What should be done following a scene examination?
Record all decisions and why they were made
All considerations must be documented with detailed plan of action completed that has been agreed upon.
A risk assessment must be documented and relayed to all persons present.
(Both moral and legal obligations for the safety of all persons at the scene).
When preserving a fire scene what three steps should be taken by scene guard on arrival.
One-ID centre of scene.
Two -set boundaries and tape off the scene locate most obvious evidence furthers away from the scene.
Three-in larger seen natural boundaries could be used to dictate zones.
Definition-and without claim are right
Section 2 crimes act 1961
In relation to any act
Means a belief at the time of the act
In a proprietary and possessory right to property
In relation to which the alleged offence have been committed
Although that belief may be based on ignorance
Or mistake of fact
Or any matter of law
Other than The enactment against which the
Offence is alleged to have been committed
Section 2 arms act 1983
Any substance or mixture or combination of substances which in its normal state is capable either of decomposition at such a rate as to result in an explosion or of producing a pyrotechnic effect.
Including gunpowder nitroglycerin and dynamite.
Does not include firearms and any fireworks
Definition immovable property
Property that is currently fixed in place and unable to be moved, even though it may be possible to make it movable.
Section 2 crimes act 1961
Property includes any real or personal property and any estate or interest in any real or personal property, money, electricity and any debt
And anything that is in action and any other right or interest
Section 2 land transport act 1998
Vehicle contrivance equipped with wheels, tracks and revolving runners on which it moves or is moved
Section 2 crimes act 1961
vessel used in navigation, however propelled
Section 2 civil aviation act 1990
Any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of air
Definition or to know that danger to life is likely to ensure
Life in this context means human life,
And the danger must be to the life of someone other than the defendant.
Definition if he or she knows.
Semester and Brookbanks
Knowing means knowing or correctly believing.
The belief must be a correct one, where the belief is wrong person cannot know something.
Section 217, crimes act 1961
Means to obtain or retain for himself or herself or any other person.
Section 267 (4), crimes act 1961
Any privilege, pecuniary advantage, valuable consideration, property or service or privilege.
Materials used to start a fire?
When careless might result in fire?
Children playing with matches
Miss using electricity
The fire service specialist fire investigator will liaise with the police fire investigator in relation to for specific matters?
Handover of fire scene
Access of fire scene
Process of examination/investigation
ID and collection of evidence
Section 28 fire service act 1975, powers?
Remove-vehicles impeding fire service
Remove-people in danger, interfering with fire service operations, using force of necessary.
Enter-private property if on fire or endangered or it is essential to preform necessary duty.