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Flashcards in Arson Deck (66)
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Define reckless disregard.

It must be proved that the offender intended to damage the property recognising that there was a risk of damaging other property but I proceeded regardless of the risk.


Detailed internal examination


Smoke deposits and burn patterns
Damage to wall studs
Soot deposits on windows/glass
Damage to roofing timbers
Damage to windowsills or door edges

Skirting board damage
Elimination of false low burns
Removal of fire debris and underfloor inspection
Floor areas burnt through


Attempt to commit arson

There must be an intent to commit arson the person must be sufficiently approximate.

And the acts maybe sufficiently approximate


What should you look for in a scene involving explosives



spread of debris’s

smell Particula to exploded material

An overlay of dust

Shredding of material

Shrapnell marks


What Enquiries should you carry out with insurance companies following a fire.


Particulars of insurance (premises and contents) policy type.

prior claims details

Increases in cover (details).

Copies of policies

The service of assessor (value of building and damage)

(these may indicate motive and the insurance Council of New Zealand can provide information if suspected that building is insured by multiple companies)


Initial action: first people to interview?

1 -Briefly interview informant do not overlook they maybe offender.

2-Initial interview of fire service inspector if present or OC first fire appliance to attend.

3-the incident controller at the scene.


When must the fire service report of fire to police?

When a fire service attend a fire that results in-

Serious injury
Fire service consider suspicious


When speaking to fire incident controller what must you ask them?


state of fire on arrival

Action taken by fire service with regard to entry and ventilation

Suspicious fire in nature and why

Appliances which attended

Security info about building

Alterations to the scene-force windows/doors

Suspicious previous all vehicles in vicinity

Informant-opinions of informant

Call-time/date/manner received


Under which circumstances can a person be held criminally liable for recklessness with regard to fires?

(when are you not legally allowed to sit fires)

If they know or ought to know that danger to life is likely to ensure

If they have no interest in the property destroyed

If they know that the fire is likely to damage or destroy someone else’s property as a consequence


With regard to fire scene safety, in order to identify the best method of protection, you must consider?


Scene hazards present at the scene(assessment).

Air quality - inhaling toxic substances

Falling objects from above.

Eliminate, isolate, minimise hazards. Strategy to assist with incident prevention.

Tripping on fire debris

Yelping - cutting and wounding objects Warning


Guarding and controlling the scene?

(Fire extinguished and attending police be aware of)


Reignition from hotspots

Report all matters of significance-to crime scene coordinator, of investigation

Avoid interfering with scene

Prevent looting

Preserving exhibits

Locate possible witnesses amongst crowds

Exclude onlookers, property owners and anyone else

Be vigilant which for possible suspects


What eight initial action steps must you take when dealing with fires not involving explosives?

One) informant-consider if offender

Two) scene-security controlled

Three) interview - scene fire inspector and first attending appliance

Four) interview - incident controller

Five) fire extinguished? Safety of the scene - conference with scene fire inspector + police ( prelim exam)

Six) suspicious- regroup, hold briefing conference.

Seven) conference - plan of action - deploy staff - guard control scene - id and interview witnesses - conduct area enquiries.

Eight) comm’s - sitrep - assistance and specialists


What should be done following a scene examination?

Record all decisions and why they were made

All considerations must be documented with detailed plan of action completed that has been agreed upon.

A risk assessment must be documented and relayed to all persons present.

(Both moral and legal obligations for the safety of all persons at the scene).


When preserving a fire scene what three steps should be taken by scene guard on arrival.

One-ID centre of scene.

Two -set boundaries and tape off the scene locate most obvious evidence furthers away from the scene.

Three-in larger seen natural boundaries could be used to dictate zones.


Definition-and without claim are right

Section 2 crimes act 1961

In relation to any act

Means a belief at the time of the act

In a proprietary and possessory right to property

In relation to which the alleged offence have been committed

Although that belief may be based on ignorance

Or mistake of fact

Or any matter of law

Other than The enactment against which the

Offence is alleged to have been committed


Definition explosive

Section 2 arms act 1983

Any substance or mixture or combination of substances which in its normal state is capable either of decomposition at such a rate as to result in an explosion or of producing a pyrotechnic effect.

Including gunpowder nitroglycerin and dynamite.

Does not include firearms and any fireworks


Definition immovable property

Property that is currently fixed in place and unable to be moved, even though it may be possible to make it movable.


Definition property

Section 2 crimes act 1961

Property includes any real or personal property and any estate or interest in any real or personal property, money, electricity and any debt
And anything that is in action and any other right or interest


Definition vehicle

Section 2 land transport act 1998

Vehicle contrivance equipped with wheels, tracks and revolving runners on which it moves or is moved


Definition ship

Section 2 crimes act 1961

vessel used in navigation, however propelled


Definition aircraft

Section 2 civil aviation act 1990

Any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of air


Definition or to know that danger to life is likely to ensure

Life in this context means human life,

And the danger must be to the life of someone other than the defendant.


Definition if he or she knows.

Semester and Brookbanks

Knowing means knowing or correctly believing.

The belief must be a correct one, where the belief is wrong person cannot know something.


Definition obtain

Section 217, crimes act 1961


Means to obtain or retain for himself or herself or any other person.


Definition benefit

Section 267 (4), crimes act 1961

Any privilege, pecuniary advantage, valuable consideration, property or service or privilege.


Materials used to start a fire?




Electrical apparatus

Molotov cocktail’s




When careless might result in fire?

Five examples



Burning rubbish



Children playing with matches

Miss using electricity


The fire service specialist fire investigator will liaise with the police fire investigator in relation to for specific matters?


Handover of fire scene

Access of fire scene

Process of examination/investigation

ID and collection of evidence


Section 28 fire service act 1975, powers?


Remove-vehicles impeding fire service

Remove-people in danger, interfering with fire service operations, using force of necessary.

Enter-private property if on fire or endangered or it is essential to preform necessary duty.



Purpose of a conference?

Three reasons

One-form the basis for the scene examination

Two-risk assessment planning

Three-so a detailed plan of action can be agreed upon