Arteries of the Abdomen Flashcards Preview

A&P 3.1 > Arteries of the Abdomen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Arteries of the Abdomen Deck (22):
1

Where is the abdominal aorta?

Runs to left of our vertebral column and it surrounding adipose tissue. Paired and single arteries branch off.

2

In the abdominal aorta, paired branches come off _______, unpaired come off ______ aspect.

laterally
anterior

3

What three arteries compose the celiac trunk?

Common hepatic artery
Left gastric artery
Splenic artery

4

What does the common hepatic artery turn into?

Hepatic artery (after right gastroduodenal branches off)
Right and left hepatic arteries

5

What does the gastroduodenal artery come off of?

Common hepatic

6

How does the gallbladder get blood supply?

By the cystic artery, which comes off the right hepatic artery

7

How is the stomach supplied with blood?

Left gastric artery (from celiac trunk)

8

How is the inferior esophagus supplied with blood?

Left gastric artery (from celiac trunk)

9

What does the left gastric artery anastomose with?

Right gastroduodenal artery

10

What does the splenic artery supply?

supplies spleen,some stomach, some pancreas

11

How is the pancreas supplied with blood?

By the pancreatic artery, which comes off the splenic artery (from celiac trunk)

12

What does the superior mesenteric artery supply?

pancreas, small intestine, appendix, 1st ⅔ of large intestine

13

How are the adrenal glands supplied with blood?

Suprarenal arteries

14

How are the kidneys supplied with blood?

Renal arteries

15

How are the ovaries or testes supplied with blood?

Gonadal arteries

16

What does the inferior mesenteric artery supply?

Supplies last ⅓ of large intestine; parts of transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon, and rectum

17

What does the inferior phrenic artery supply?

Inferior surface of diaphragm

18

What do the lumbar arteries supply?

Supply lumbar vertebrae, spinal cord, abdominal wall

19

How are the sacrum and coccyx supplied with blood?

Middle sacral artery

20

What does the middle sacral artery anastomise with?

This is a small vessel anastomosing with lumbar and sacral branches from the internal iliac artery

21

What does the abdominal aorta spit into inferiorly?

Right and left common iliac arteries

22

What does the common iliac split into?

Internal and external iliac arteries