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Flashcards in Asepsis Deck (24)
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1

What are the two types of Asepsis?

Medical Asepsis and Surgical Asepsis

2

Which type of Asepsis has a sterile technique?

Surgical Asepsis

3

Which type of Asepsis has a clean technique?

Medical Asepsis

4

What are the three organisms that cause infection?

Bacteria, Virus and Fungi

5

The ability for an organism to cause infection depends on these five things

Number of organisms
Virulence
Function of the immune system
Duration of contact
Type of contact

6

What are the different ways a disease can be transmitted?

Direct
Indirect
Airborne
Droplet

7

What is the difference between a vector and a vehicle?

the difference between a vehicle and a vector is that a vehicle an inanimate object and a vector is a non human living animal.

8

What are the four stages of infection?

Incubation period
Prodromal Stage
Full stage of illness
Convalescent period

9

The incubation period is when

organisms are growing, colonization occurs here

10

What is colonization

where the organisms are building up in our body but we do not yet have the signs and symptoms

11

The stage where the individual may not know they are infectious is known as the

Prodromal stage

12

When you have signs and symptoms of the infection you are in what stage of illness?

The full stage of illness

13

The convalescent period is when

The individual is in recovery time. The individual has gone through treatment and the signs and symptoms are fading and returning back to normal state.

14

What are some of the factors affecting risk of infection?

Integrity of the skin/mucosal membranes
pH level
WBC count
Immunizations
Overall health
Stress/anxiety
Individual factors
Invasive medical procedures- the more invasive the increased risk of infection

15

Define Iatrogenic Infection

Iatrogenic infection results from not using proper technique with a diagnostic procedure/medical treatment

16

Nosocomial Infection (HAI)

This is when a patient is admitted to the medical facility without an infection and develops one while under medical care.
Patient develops some sort of infection they did not have when they were admitted.

17

What are the two types of HAI's?

Exogenous and Endogenous

18

Define an Exogenous Nosocomial Infection

When someone gets an infection from another person

19

Define and Endogenous Nosocomial Infection

When someone develops some sort of infection from themselves.

20

What does Medical Asepsis prevent?

Spread of microorganisms from person to person and prevents someone from becoming re-infected.

21

What does Medical Asepsis reduce?

Medical Asepsis reduces the number, growth or spread of microorganisms

22

What are the two precautions of Medical Asepsis? Why are they in place?

Standard precautions and Transmission based precautions. They are in place to help prevent/minimize the spread of pathogens.

23

Define standard precautions

These are precautions that everyone follows and are used with all patient care interactions.

24

Define Transmission based precaustions

These depend on the pathogenic agent and how it travels and is transmitted. i.e. contact, droplet, airborne