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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (49)
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1

Basal metabolism

the energy required to carry on the involuntary activities of the body at rest

2

Factors that increase BMR

growth, infections, fever, emotional tension, extreme environmental temperatures

3

Factors that decrease BMR

aging, prolonged fasting, sleep

4

Ketosis

an abnormal accumulation of ketone bodies that is frequently associated with acidosis

5

Serum Albumin

help measure protein levels in the body and are good indicators for nutrition status.

6

Normal Blood glucose levels

80 to 110 mg/dL (4-7 mmol/L)

7

Underweight

Less than 18.5

8

Normal

18.5-24.9

9

Overweight

25.0-29.9

10

Obesity, class 1

30.0-34.9

11

Obesity, class 2

35.0-39.9

12

Extreme obesity

40.0 and up

13

Anabolism

build up of new tissues

14

catabolism

destruction or breakdown of tissue

15

neutral

anabolism = catabolism

16

positive

anabolism > catabolism

17

negative

anabolism < catabolism

18

Functions of protein

-maintain body tissue &support new growth
-helps produce secretions and hormones
-fluid & electrolyte balance

19

Excess protein is stored as what

fat

20

Function of Carbohydrates

-provide energy
-spare protein for tissue repair

21

What is the RDA of carbohydrates?

45-65% of total diet calories

22

excess carbohydrates are stored as what

fat

23

complete proteins

come from animal sources--contain sufficient amount of essential amino acids

24

incomplete protein

plant based--lack one or more essential amino acids

25

Some water soluble vitamins are

C, B- complex vitamins

26

How are water soluble vitamins absorbed?

Through the blood

27

Some fat soluble vitamins are

A, D, E, K

28

How are fat soluble vitamins absorbed?

into the fat and the liver,

29

Excessive intake of what vitamins may be toxic?

A & D

30

What are some sources of Vitamin C?

Citrus fruits, broccoli, green pepper, strawberries, greens