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1

The center of all literature.
1. A struggle involving a choice.

Conflict

2

What is a subject?

Nominative

3

Predicate Nominative Nouns:

I, You, He, They, She, Who, You

4

Predicate Objective Nouns:

Me, Them, Whom, Him, Her, You

5

Linking Verbs (To Be & Sense Verbs):

Be, Am, Is, Are, Was, Been

6

What can a colon not be used for?

Cannot be used as a list for the object of a sentence.

7

Philosophy?

A way of thinking.
1. Always ends in an 'ism."

8

Four themes of Romanticism?

1. Truth
2. Beauty
3. Freedom
4. Love

9

Three characteristics of Romanticism:

1. Simple and Direct.
2. Spontaneous and Intense.
3. Profound response to nature. Nature reflects soul. Contemplation of nature leads to deeper awareness of self.

10

Transcendentalism?

Knowledge can be gained from beyond the senses.
1. Knowledge can be gained through thought.

11

Two Categories of Literature:

1. Fiction
2. Non-Fiction

12

Genres of Literature:

1. Novels
2. Poems
3. Plays
4. Short Stories
5. Essays

13

All Literature can be groups:

1. Comedy
2. Tragedy

14

Comedy:

1. Protagonist extricates himself from his obstacle.
2. Solves his problem.
3. Antagonist loses.

15

Tragedy:

1. Protagonist does not extricate himself from his obstacle.
2. Doesn't solve his problem.
3. Antagonist wins.

16

Classifications of Literature:

1. Classic
2. Contemporary

17

Classic Literature:

Literature that has or will live the test of time, 100 years. The hero must grow in classic tragedy.

18

What is in Literature?

Elements and Techniques.

19

Elements:

1. Basic components of literature.
2. All elements exist in all literature.

20

Techniques:

Stylistic devices that may or may not be present.

21

Tone:

1. Imagine tone of voice when aloud.
2. Writer controls tone by use of techniques, which are stylistic devices.
3. The writer's attitude.

22

Mood:

A literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions.

23

Contemporary Tragic Hero:

Hero does not grow extricate himself from obstacle, and falls into darkness.

24

Four Characteristics of Contemporary Tragic Heroes:

1. We pity the hero because he is displaced from society.
2. He has a flaw - he is going to make the wrong choice, because he is incapable of making the right choice.
3. Suffers greatly because he seeks, but does not obtain, dignity. Tries to feel good about the fact that he is a "poor, common, slob." - Arthur Miller
4. He is a hero, though he didn't solve his problem, learn, and he fell lower.

25

Why is he a hero?

He faced his problem, even though he will never be able to extricate himself from said problem.