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RBT for Autism Home Support Services > Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Assessment Deck (15):
1

Define Assessment

The evaluation or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or something

synonyms: evaluation, judgment, rating, estimation, appraisal, analysis, opinion

2

Define Preference Assessment

A formal assessment to determine client preferences for various items/activities and/or implementing informal "preference checks" throughout sessions to ensure motivation remains high

3

How do you perform a Multiple Stimulus Without Replacement preference assessment ?

Items are presented in an array and the client is instructed to pick one and given time to interact with that item. After the engagement interval, the array is presented again WITHOUT the already selected item(s) and the client selects again. Process continues until all items are chosen or client stops choosing items. The full array is presented 3-5 times and selection percentage is calculated to give preference gradient.

4

How do you perform a Multiple Stimulus With Replacement preference assessment?

Items are presented in an array and the client is instructed to pick one and given time to interact with that item. After the engagement interval, the array is presented again WITH the selected item(s) returned to the array and the client selects again. Process continues for a predetermined number of selection opportunities and selection percentage is calculated.

5

How do you perform a Paired Choice preference assessment?

Present potential reinforcers in pairs (2 different items) and the client is instructed to select one. All selected pairs are presented and selection percentage is calculated. Requires counter-balancing for positional bias.

6

How do you perform an Informal Preference Check?

Present 2-3 items either before starting new task to ensure the client is motivated to complete the work

Or

Present 2-3 options to work for upon recognizing decrease in motivation/attention to tasks to recapture motivation

7

How do you assist with Functional Assessment Procedures?

Participate (as trained) to complete relevant elements of assessment to determine the function(s) of challenging behavior occurring during therapy session

8

Functional Assessment

What is ABC data?

Data recorded on the immediate Antecedent and Consequence for observed instances of target Behavior.

How do you record ABC data?
Fill out Structured ABC chart (predetermined A-B-C choices) throughout sessions as target challenging behavior is observed.

9

Functional Assessment

What is a Rating Scale?

Structured assessment form with questions regarding various functions of challenging behavior used to identify likely function(s) to be completed by primary caregivers and others familiar with the client.

i.e.
FAST - 16 item assessment with Yes/No/NA options for if a target behavior occurs under described circumstances
MAS - 16 item assessment with 0-6 Likert scale options for contexts in which target behavior may or may not occur

10

Define behavior.

Any muscular, glandular, or neuro-electrical activity; anything a person does ( including covert behavior such as thinking, imagining, etc.)

11

Define environment.

Setting or context in which a behavior occurs.
(Location, time, people in the surrounding area, stimuli)

12

Practice writing an operational definition.

Write an operational definition for hitting one's own head, calling out or running.

Hitting one's own head: instance when open or closed hand makes forceful, brief contact/impact with part of body above neck, leaving red skin or bruise or injury. Does not include soft stroking of skin, pulling of skin or hair, or pinching.

13

What is the RBT's role in Assessment?

RBTs collects baseline data or conducts preference assessments. RBTs do not analyze data.

14

Define Baseline Data

Data collected before any intervention is implemented.

15

Why is baseline data important?

Baseline data gives us an understanding of the client's current skills, which allows most accurate tailoring of programming. This data can inform what intensity of intervention is necessary, exactly what skills to target, and how much progress is necessary to reach specific goals.