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Flashcards in Assessment Techniques Deck (12):
1

Inspection

concentrated watching

2

Palpation

sense of touch to assess: pain or tenderness, texture, temperature, moisture, organ location and size, swelling, vibration or pulsation, rigidity or spasticity, crepitation, lumps/masses

3

Percussion

tapping the person's skin to assess underlying structures, map out organs size and density

4

Auscultation

listening to sounds produced by the body, such as heart, blood vessels, lungs, abdominal

5

Diaphragm

flat edge, for high pitched sounds

6

Bell

deep, hollow, cup-like shape for soft low pitch sounds

7

Resonant

medium-loud, low pitch, clear, hollow, moderate duration
e.g. over normal lung tissue

8

Hyperresonant

louder, lower pitch, booming quality, longer duration
e.g. over normal child's lung tissue, abnormal in adults in lungs indicating emphysema

9

Tympany

loud, high pitch, musical and drum-like, sustained longest
e.g. over air-filled viscus (stomach or intestines)

10

Dull

soft, high pitch, muffled thud, short
e.g. relatively dense organ like liver or spleen

11

Flat

very soft, high pitch, dead stop of sound, absolute dullness, very short duration
e.g. when no air is present over thigh muscles, bone or tumor

12

BP is determined by...

Cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, volume of blood, viscosity of the blood, elasticity of the vessels