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Flashcards in Assessments Deck (18):
1

Single leg squat
Checkpoint?
Compensation?

Check point - knees
Compensation: knees turning in

2

Single leg squat
If knees turn in, what muscles are OVERACTIVE?

If knees turn in...
Adductors
Bicep femoris
TFL
Vastus lateralis

3

Single leg squat
If knees turn in, what muscles are
UNDERACTIVE?

gluteus medius/Maximus
Vastus medialis oblique (VMO)

4

Overhead squat
What are the Compensations to look for? (Laterally and anteriorly)

Lateral check at LPHC & upper body:
Excessive forward lean
Low back arches
Arms fall forward

Anterior check:
Feet Turn out
Knees move inward

5

In a Static postural assessment, what are your check points?

Foot/ankle
Knee
LPHC
Shoulders
Head and cervical spine

6

What are Common distortion patterns?

Pronation distortion- foot pronation aka flat feet, adducted & internally rotated knees (aka knock knees)

Upper crossed- forward head and rounded shoulders

Lower crossed- anterior pelvic tilt (arched lower back)

7

Pulling assessment, what are common compensations?

Low back arches
Shoulder elevation
Head protrudes

8

Pulling assessment compensations:
LOW BACK ARCHES
What are overactive and underactive muscles?

Overactive- hip flexors, erector spinae
Underactive- intrinsic core stabilizers

9

Pulling assessment compensations:
SHOULDER ELEVATION
what are the overactive and underactive muscles?

Overactive-upper traps, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae
Underactive- mid/lower traps

10

Pulling assessment compensations:
HEAD PROTRUDES FORWARD
what are the overactive and underactive muscles?

Overactive- upper traps, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Underactive- deep cervical flexors

11

Pushing assessment, what are the compensations?

Low back arches
Shoulder elevation
Head migrates forward

12

Pushing assessment compensations:
LOW BACK ARCHES
what are the overactive and underactive muscles?

Overactives:
Hip flexors
Erector spinae

Underactive:
Intrinsic core stabilizers

13

Pushing assessment compensations:
SHOULDER ELEVATION
what are the overactive and underactive muscles?

Overactive- upper traps, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Underactive- mid/lower traps

14

Pushing assessment compensations:
HEAD MIGRATES FORWARD
what are the overactive and underactive muscles?

Overactive- upper traps, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Underactive:
Deep cervical flexors

15

What do you use for an Upper extremity strength assessment?

Bench press

16

What is used for a Lower extremity strength assessment?

Squat

17

What Performance assessments are used?

Push ups (measures muscular endurance of upper body)
Davies test (measures upper extremity agility and stabilization)

Shark skill test (measures lower extremity agility and neuromuscular control)

18

What cardio assessments are used?

YMCA 3 minute step test- stair climbing at set pace for 3 min
Rockport walk test- record clients weight and then walk 1 mile on treadmill and record time