Flashcards in Asthma Deck (61):
Adults (19-64) with asthma should get what vaccine?
What 2 SABA's can be used as rescuers in asthma?
Albuterol can affect what electrolyte?
How much use of a SABA per week would warrant increasing the asthma maintenance med?
SABA is drug of choice in what situation?
Exercise induced bronchospasm
What is salmeterol name brand?
What is salmeterol / fluticasone combo called?
What is formoterol name brand?
What is formoterol / budesonide combo name brand?
A LABA in asthma in contraindicated when used how?
Only use as add on
What is beclomethasone HFA name brand?
What is budesonide name brand?
What is fluticasone name brand?
What is mometasone name brand?
What is mometasone / formoterol combo name brand?
Don't shake which MDI inhalers because they are a solution?
What are two side effects of ICS?
Two ways to prevent oral candidiasis with ICS
Rinse mouth with warm water
Use a spacer with MDI
What is the only mineralocorticoid?
What MOA do mineralocorticoids have?
Regulate sodium and water balance
Taper steroids if used for how long?
Longer than 14 days
Cushing syndrome is caused by excess what?
What three SE will be seen in Cushing syndrome?
Central fat redistribution
Steroid dose equivalent
Cortisol = ?
Hydrocortisone = ?
Cortisol 25 mg
Hydrocortisone 20 mg
Steroid dose equivalent
Methylprednisolone = ?
Prednisone / prednisolone = ?
Methylpredisolone 4 mg
Prednisone / Prednisolone 5 mg
Steroid dose equivalents
Betamethasone = ?
Dexamethasone = ?
Betamethasone 0.6 mg
Dexamethasone 0.75 mg
Fludrocortisone has no _______ effects
Give steroids at what time of day?
What are the three leukotriene receptor antagonists?
Take Singulair what time of the day?
In the evening
Theophylline blocks what enzyme?
This increases levels of what?
Only use theophylline in asthma how?
What is theophylline therapeutic range?
Dose theophylline based on what weight?
What are theophylline's two active metabolites
Aminophylline is what % theophylline?
Omalizumab name brand?
Xolair is a mAb that inhibits what?
IgE binding to mast cells and basophils
Only use Xolair in what kind of asthma?
Always administer Xolair where?
In doctors office
Take SABA how soon before exercise?
SABA duration for exercise
Taken Singulair how soon before exercise?
What is preferred SABA in pregnancy?
What is preferred ICS in pregnancy?
Use peak flow meters when?
After waking up
Before any asthma mess
What % of personal best is green zone?
What % of personal best is yellow zone
What % of personal best is red zone?
What zone should you increase or add on meds?
What zone should you go to the ED?
Only use spacers with which inhalers?
Spacer prevent what SE of ICS?
Clean spacer how often?
Warm soapy water
MDI require what kind of breathe?
Slow and deep
DPI's require what kind of breath?
Quick and forceful
Prime albuterol MDI after how long of last use?
Prime Flovent after how long of no use?
Prime Symbicort after how long of no use?
Do not take Singulair within how long of a previous dose?