Asthma Flashcards Preview

Phase 1 Week 8 - cardiorespiratory > Asthma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Asthma Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Name some risk factors of asthma

History i.e.. obesity, acid reflux
Allergens ie. pets and smoke
genetics

2

Name some triggers of asthma

outdoor allergens ie. pollution and pollen
Indoor allergens ie. mould and dust
Certain drugs ie. you may have an allergy to them
Irritants i.e.. smoke and chemical fumes, illness ie. colds

3

What are the 2 major elements to consider when talking about the pathophysiology of asthma

Airway hyper responsiveness and inflammation

4

Describe Airway hyper responsiveness in relation to pathophysiology

It increases the mass of smooth muscles

5

Describe inflammation in pathophysiology

Initial trigger leads to the release of inflammatory. mediators, which activate the migration of inflammatory. cells and WBC's. WBC move to the airway and induce smooth muscle contraction and Airway hyper responsiveness

6

Name a test used to diagnose asthma

Airflow obstruction test

7

Name the 2 types of asthma inhalers

Blue - reliever
brown - preventer

8

What is found in blue inhalers

Short acting beta agonists ie. salbutamol

9

What is found in brown inhalers

Long acting beta agonists

10

Wat does salbutamol cause

A conformational change in the receptor WHICH CAUSES bronchodilation

11

What is the min. number of half lives required to clear a drug completley

4-5

12

What helps alveoli stay open and not collapse

they produce a surfuctant

13

Where is the carina found

where the trachea splits into the 2 bronchi