Athletic Injuries: Elbow Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Athletic Injuries: Elbow Deck (13):

Bursitis Olecranon

most frequently injured bursa can be acute or chronic and often result of direct blow


Valgus and varus stress test

valgus tests for MCL spain
varus tests for LCL sprain


Pinch grip test

inability to touch thumb and index finger indicates entrapment of anterior interrosseous nerve b/t two heads of the pronator muscle


Ponator teres syndrome test

pt resists forearm pronation indicates pain proximally over pronator teres


Tinel's sign

determines ulnar nerve compromise, AT taps the ulnar notch b/t the olecranon process and the medial epicondyle


UCL injuries

ucl resists valgus stress, most often injujred from valgus force and repetitive trauma often occurs in overhead mvmts/throwing


Lateral Epicondylitis (tennis elbow)

chronic condition that affects individuals who execute repeated forearm flexion and extension


Medial Epicondylitis

irritation and inflammation can result from activities that require repeated forceful flexion of the wrist and extreme valgus torques of the elbow (pitchers golfers javelin)


Elbow osteochondritis dissecans

less common than the knee, can impair blood supply to anterior surfaces of the elbow seen in patient 10-15 yrs old who throw


Little League Elbow

occurs in 10-25% of young pitchers caused by repetitive micro trauma, pt can complain of locking or catching treated with RICE and NSAIDS


Elbow dislocation

occurs by FOOSH or twisting MOI most common is ulna and radius force backward can tear/rupture stabilizing ligaments and disrupt vascular supply


Volkman's contracture

type of forearm ischemic contracture resulting from brachial artery injury = claw hands and flexed wrist


Pronator teres syndrome

involves entrapment of medial nerve above the elbow or in the pronator teres muscles where the median nerve passes the heads of the muscle