Athletic Injuries: Spinal Column Flashcards Preview

BOC Study Cards > Athletic Injuries: Spinal Column > Flashcards

Flashcards in Athletic Injuries: Spinal Column Deck (25):
1

Kyphosis

increased thoracic curve rounded shoulder appearance associated with forward head posture

2

forward head posture

kyphotic posture with compensatory change in position of head/neck

3

flatback posture

caused by decreased lumbar curve and increased posterior pelvic tilt and hip flexion

4

swayback posture

anterior shifting of entire pelvis resulting in hip extension

5

lordosis

increased curve in the lumbar spine and increase both in anterior tilt of pelvis and in hip flexion

6

scoliosis

lateral curvature of spine can be functional or structural

7

Brachial plexus test

lateral flexion application of pressure on head and shoulder to recreate injury to brachial plexus

8

Cervical Compression/Spurlings test

axial compression of the cervical spine to compres facet joints and nerve roots determines which nerve root has been injured

9

Vertebral artery test

AT extends laterally bends and rotates the cervical spine in the same direction to test for dizzyness or abnormal eye movement

10

Slump test

assess pain in spine from multible positions to test neural tension

11

Kernig's test

Pt is supine with knee and hip flexed to 90 degress looking for nerve root impingement

12

Brudzinski's test

pt supine flexing the neck to indicate lumbar disk or nerve root irritation

13

Miligram test

lumbar nerve root test

14

Hoover test

can indicate malingering

15

Bowstring test

used to determine sciatic nerve irritation

16

FABER and FADIR tests

flexion, adduction and external rotation test for inguinal hip regiond
flexion adduction and internal rotation for lumbar pathology

17

Knees to chest test

lumbar spine test

18

cervical fractures

uncommon, often result of axial loading, immediate stabilization

19

cervical dislocation

uncommon, result of violent flexion and rotaton

20

cervical sprain (whiplash)

violent flexion, extension and rotation

21

Acute Torticollis (wryneck)

stiffneck or acute cervical joint lock, small piece of synovial membran is impinged causing spasm

22

Cervical spine stenosis

syndrome characterized by a narrowing of the spinal canal in the cervical region that can impinge the cord

23

Brachial Plexus Neuropraxia (burner/stinger)

disruption of nerve function without degeneration disrupts peripheral nerves

24

Scheuermann's disease (dorsolumbar kyphosis

kyphosis that results from wedge fractures of 5 degrees or greater in three or more consecutive vertebral bodies associate with disk space abnormalities

25

Myofascial pain syndrome

defined as regional pain with referred pain to a specific area due to trigger points within a specific muscle