# ATI Science- Water & States of Matter Flashcards

1
Q

Which of the following describes why water has a concave, or downward-curving meniscus when poured in a glass beaker

A

the adhesive forces with the glass are greater than the cohesive forces

2
Q

change from solid to a gas, without passing through the liquid state

A

sublimation

3
Q

change of state from a gas to a solid.

A

deposition

4
Q

change of state from a liquid to a gas

A

evaporation

5
Q

change of state from a gas to a liquid

A

condensation

6
Q

Property of water that explains its solvent abilities for certain
substances

A

Polarity of water molecules

7
Q

term used for a substance held at
temperature and pressure where the solid, liquid, and gaseous states of a substance exist simultaneously

A

triple point

8
Q

the temperature and pressure at which the distinction between liquid and gas can no longer be made.

A

critical point

9
Q

What happens to particles when a solid turns into a liquid?

A

Particles become less ordered

10
Q

Properties of water

A

cohesiveness, adhesiveness, high specific heat, high latent heat, high heat of vaporization, high polarity and hydrogen bonding

11
Q

attraction between two molecules of a different substance

A

12
Q

attraction between two molecules of the same substance

A

cohesion

13
Q

when water adhere to another substance, the substance is ____

A

hydrophilic

14
Q

any substance that has mass and takes up space is ____

A

matter

15
Q

3 states of matter

A

solid, liquid, gas

16
Q

a measure of the amount of substance in an object

A

mass

17
Q

measure of gravitational pull of Earth on an object

A

weight

18
Q

a measure of the amount of space occupied

A

volume

19
Q

a measure of the amount of mass per unit volume

A

density

20
Q

Density formula

A

D= M/V

21
Q

Volume formula

A

L x W x H

22
Q

There are 3 insects that are being compared under a microscope. As a scientist, you decide measuring them would be an important part of recording their data. Which unit of measurement would be best for this situation?

A

Micrometers

23
Q

Liquids have no definite _____, but have definite _______

A

no shape, has volume

24
Q

The process of changing a liquid to a gas

A

vaporization

25
Q

Solids with a fixed shape have what type of order?

A

crystalline order