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Flashcards in Attention & memory Deck (12):


taking possession of the mind. Concentrating on some things and withdrawing from others in order to effectively deal with the task.


Aspects of attention

Focusing: attend to a specific stimuli
Shifting: demonstrate flexibility with changing stimuli
Sustainability: ability to sustain an alert state for a period of time
Encoding: what you do with info from stimuli (manipulation of stimuli)


Selective Attention, Divided Attention & Automaticity

Selective: difficulty attending to more than one thing
Divided: multitasking, attending to more than one thing at once
Automaticity: do without think, well learned skills


Attention pools are effected by...

whether 2 tasks are derived from same stimulus type
-complex/novel tasks require large pools-->only a small amy of attention leftover for second task


Stimuli processed in parallel

stimuli being processed at the same time-->can take in more resources at once
some exceed attention limits-->can switch b/t competing resources
some require long processing periods-->dec attention


Limitations in identification stimuli

Stoop effect: visual selective attention
Cocktail party effect: auditory selective attention


Stroop effect

2 conditions: neutral word & color word
congruent: word and color of word are the same
incongruent:inc reaction time b/c of interference b/t 2 stimuli


Cocktail Party Effect

when "unattended" stimuli is processed in parallel with "attended" stimuli during early stimulus identification
-->stimulus typically "passes through" even though not attending to it b/c it relevant and familiar to the person


Inattention Blindness

Inability to recognize certain visual stimuli when attention is directed at other stimuli
-->the intentional processing of specific visual stimuli leads to inability to process unattended stimuli
-->looking for a parking spot & almost hit pedestrian


Limitations in response selection
controlled vs automatic

Controlled vs Automatic
controlled:serial processing, usually of a novel task, slow selective requirement of attention
Automatic: processing in parallel, fast, typically with familiar stimuli/tasks, simultaneous tasks w/out interruption of performance


Limitations in response programming

organization & initiation of a motor plan
double stimulation paradigm


Double stimulation Paradigm

2 similar stimuli initiate 2 separate responses
interference of programming 1st and 2nd stimuli