Avian Anesthesia/Analgesia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Avian Anesthesia/Analgesia Deck (37):
1

What is the recommended fasting length for a pre-surgical patient weighing less than 100g.

No fasting

2

Raptors should be fasted for ______hours before surgery

12-24

3

Birds between 400-1000g should be fasted for _______ hours ebfore surgery

3-4

4

Why should we avoid over-using alcohol on birds in any situation

Decreases body temperature

5

What are good anesthetic drugs for aves?

Midazolam, Hydromorphone, Ketamine

6

What IV induction drugs are used?

Propofol or Alfaxalone

7

Mask induction requires a vaporizer setting of ____%

5

8

True or false: Oxygen flow rate should be low because they are at risk of hypocapnia

False. Should be high due to risk of hypercapnia

9

What are some parameters we can look at to measure patient depth during anesthesia?

RR/HR, wing tone, cloacal ton, pedal reflex

10

Maintenance of aves on Isoflurane require a vaporizer setting of _____%

1.5-3%

11

When using Isoflurane, MAC of aves is:

1.3xMAC

12

What is the best type of ET tube? Why?

Uncuffed due to complete tracheal rings

13

True or false: ET tubes are measured and cut to reduce dead space

true

14

Why is intubation riskier in aves?

Their tracheas narrow, risk of stenosis

15

What can be done for ventilation if ET intubation is not an option?

Air sac cannula placement within the caudal thoracic air sac (can be left up to 7 days)

16

When IV access isnt available and the anesthesia is high risk, what can be done?

Intraosseous catheter

17

What type of procedures indicate mask maintenance rather than ET tube maintenance?

Short procedures or frequent need to anesthetize such as frequent bandage changes

18

What type of procedures indicate ET tube maintenance rather than mask maintenance?

Long procedures or in patients with a history of apnea

19

True or false: Ave eyes do not need to be lubricated

False asf

20

What 2 clinical signs indicate that a florescein stain test is needed during the post-op recovery stage?

Bird squinting or keeping eyes closed, may have ulcers

21

Where can a doppler be placed for monitoring?

Arteries - femoral, proximal ulna, carpus, over heart

22

What is the normal MAP value for an anesthetized bird?

90-150mmHg

23

True or false: Chances are, prolonged anesthesia won't require IPPV

False. Likely required

24

Birds tend to recover from anesthesia _____ (slower or faster)

faster

25

You should wait until the _____ reflex returns before extubating

nictitating membrane

26

What happens if you wait until patient is fully recovered before extubating?

You can create a dysphoric-type status

27

Emergency fluid rate is:

10-25 ml/kg/hour

28

What are the ABCDEFG of Avian CPR

Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Drugs, Emergency Fluids, Gas

29

What are the 5 common emergency drugs for birds?

atropine, glycopyrrolate, epinephrine, flumazenil, naloxone

30

Describe the CPR process

1. turn off anesthetic
2. place IOC
3. intubate if possible
4. begin IPPV with pure oxygen
5. provide emergency drugs, epinephrine IT

31

What can be done to help a bird experiencing dystocia?

1. Try and help pass the egg naturally (fluids, increase heat, lubricate cloaca)
2. Break the egg down through cloaca under general anesthesia, using lots of sterile lube

32

Heavy metal poisoning is typically either ____ or ____

lead or zinc

33

Treatment for heavy metal poisoning includes fluid and ______ therapy

chelation

34

True or false: Birds with bite wounds to face or feet, it is a medical emergency

True

35

Why is it a medical emergency for birds to have bite wounds?

Sepsis can happen within 24 hours

36

What are some examples of inhaled toxins for birds?

Cigarette smokes, fire smoke, cleaning agents, self-cleaning ovens

37

What should be done to treat inhaled toxins?

Place in incubator with 100% Oxygen therapy