Back and Spinal cord Flashcards Preview

PAS 717 (Anatomy Lab > Back and Spinal cord > Flashcards

Flashcards in Back and Spinal cord Deck (84)
Loading flashcards...
1

ala

2

anterior sacral foramina

3

anterior arch of the atlas

4

atlas anterior tubercle

5

lateral mass of the atlas

6

posterior arch of the atlas

7

posterior tubercle of the atlas

8

superior articular process of the atlas

9

atlas

10

axis

11

atlas

12

axis

13

body of a cervical vertebra

14

lamina of a cervical vertebra

15

pedicle of a cervical vertebra

16

cervical superior articular facet

17

cervical superior articular process

18

cervical transverse foramen

19

cervical transverse process

20

cervical vertebrae

21

cervical vertebrae

22

dens

23

inferior articular process of cervical vertbra

24

intervertebral foramen

25

lumbar body

26

lumbar inferior articular process

27

lumbar lamina

28

lumbar pedicle

29

lumbar spinous process

30

lumbar superior articular process

31

lumbar transverse process

32

lumbar vertebrae

33

lumbar vertebrae

34

vertebral foramen

35

median sacral crest

36

nuchal ligament

37

posterior sacral foramena

38

auricular surface of the sacrum

39

sacral cornua

40

sacral hiatus

41

sacral promontory

42

superior articular process of the sacrum

43

costal facet, thoracic body

44

thoracic body

45

inferior costal facet of the thoracic body

46

thoracic lamina

47

thoracic pedicle

48

thoracic spinous process

49

thoracic superior articular process

50

thoracic superior costal facet

51

thoracic transverse process costal facet

52

thoracic transverse process

53

thoracic vertbrae

54

vertebral prominens

55

what is a bifid spinous process and why is it significant

a bifid spinal process is a spinal process that has two prongs

C2-6 normally have bifid proceses, other vertebrae do not

56

uncus of the body

hook like projections from the superior surface of the body that are received by shallow grooves on the inferior surface of the superior body

57

what is the groove of a spinal nerve

a lateral groove on the superior surface of a normal transverse process

58

what are the two areas indicated by A? What do they form?

the anterior and posterior tubercle of the cervical transverse process

the groove that holds tha spinal nerve

59

what is the sacral canal

the continuation of the spinal canal into the sacrum

60

what is A indicating

the tubercle for attachment of the transverse ligament of the atlas

61

what is the carotid tubercle

the anterior tubercle of the C6 vertbrae

62

A) mammillary process

B) Accessory process

63

where are the accessory processes of the spine found and what do they do

the posterior surface of the lumbar transverse processes

provide attachment for the intertransversarii muscles

64

where are the mammillary processes of the spine and what is their function

on the posterior surface of the lumbar superior articular processes

provide attachment for the multifidus and intertransversarii

65

what is the base of the sacrum

the superior surface of the sacrum

66

what is the  base of the sacrum

the tapered inferior end of the sacrum

67

what is the pelvic surface of the sacrum

the flat anterior portion

68

what are the transverse lines of the sacrum and where are they found

they are four lines indicating the four fused vertebrae of the sacrum

the pelvic surface of the pelvis

69

A) lateral crest

B) medial crest

C) intermediate crest

70

where are the zygapophyseal joint capsules found

between the articular facets of adjacent superior and inferior vertbrae

71

what are the ligamentum flavum and where are they found

ligaments of the spine that connect the lamina of adjacent vertrbae from C2 to S1

 

72

where are the interspinous ligaments found

vertically connecting the spinous processes of adjacte vertebrae

73

supraspinous ligament

connects the tips of the spinous processes of adjacent vertbrae

74

anterior longitudinal ligament

runs along the anterolateral side of the vertebral column connecting the bodies of adjacent vertebrae

75

posterior longitudinal ligament

runs along the posterior surface of the vertebral bodies and attaches to the IV discs

76

what is this? where is it found?

the posterior atlanto occipital membrane

between the posterior arch of the atlas and the foramen magnum

77

what is this? where is it found

the anterior atlanto occipital membrane

between the anterior arch of the axis and the anterior foramen magnum

78

A) anterior atlanto-occipital membrane

B) anterior atlanto-axial membrane

C) posterior atlanto-occipital membrane

D) posterior atlanto-axial membrane

79

A) tectorial membrane

B) Alar ligament

C) transverse ligament

80

what is the tectorial membrane

a continuation of a the posterior longitudinal ligament that passes posteriorly over the medain atlanto-axial joint into the skull

81

where does the tectorial membrane attach

starts at the the body of C2 to the interior surface of the occipital bone

82

where are the alar ligaments found

running between the dens and the lateral margins of the foramen magnum

83

what does the transverse ligament do

forms the posterior support around the dens between the tubercles of the lateral masses of C1

84

A) Alar ligaments

B) cruiciate ligaments

C) transverse ligaments