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D3 Geriatrics > "Back in my day" > Flashcards

Flashcards in "Back in my day" Deck (22):
1

age-prevalent

frequently detected in the aged

2

age-related

universal, progressive, irreversible (gray hair, wrinkles, shrinking, lower GFR)

3

second most frequently reported chronic health condition in the US

arthritis

4

arthritis- among adults over 65, prevalence is __. rates are higher in ___. prevalence increases with increasing __.

50%, women (28 v 18%), age

5

a systemic AI, inflammatory condition that causes joint destruction, pain and stiffness, can lead to permanent damage and deformity and disability

rheumatoid athritis

6

RA onset between ages __ and ___. prevalence for those 65 and older is __%.

25 and 50, 2%

7

RA often involves which 3 areas? can later involved other joints, including __

hands, feet, wrists; TMJ

8

ulnar drift associated with

RA

9

treatment of RA and osteoarthritis

reduce activity, NSAIDS (for pain and inflammation), oral and intra-articular corticosteroids, prosthetic join replacement (prosthetics more often RA than OA)

10

__ generally affects patients over 60, associated with pain, limitation of movement and disability, most commonly affects weight bearing joints. c

osteoarthritis

11

osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of __, bony changes of ___, deterioration of __ and ___, and various degrees of inflammation of the __

cartilage, joints, tendons and ligaments, synovium

12

arthritic patients may require specialized oral hygiene __ __ or help from a __. design prsothontics for easy __/__ and cleaning

assistive devices, caregiver, removal/insertion

13

common in old people, decrease in bone mass with decreased density and enlarged bone spaces producing porosity and brittleness

osteoporosis

14

osteoporosis tx

diet and exercise, ca and vit D supplements, bisphosphonates

15

clinical implications of osteoporosis- side effects of meds: __ and __ of jaws. provide stability while waling and moving in clinic, have __ __ throughout office, assistance when leaving __ __

sialolith, osteonecrosis, hand rails, dental chair

16

4 age related visual impairments

cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy

17

most common age related visual impairments

cataracts 30%

18

a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of the eye loses its flexibility, makes it difficult t focus on close objects

presbyopia

19

in presbyopia- loss of flexibility takes place over ___, and usually becomes noticeable in early to mid __,is a natural part of __ process, not a __, cannot be prevented

years, 40s, aging, disease

20

implications of vision changes, difficulty __, compromised ability to use _ products, self assess __ care, walk without __

reading, OHI, OHI, assistance

21

loss of heating that gradually occurs in individuals as they age, is a common disorder associated with aging

presbycusis

22

in presbycusis __-__% of adults between 65 and 75 years have hearing loss. it is est. that __-__% of people by 75 and older have hearing loss

30-35, 40-50