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Flashcards in bacteria Deck (12):
1

Gram positive cocci

Catalase positives:
S. aureus - coagulase +
S. epidermidis - coagulase -

Catalase negative:
S. pyogenes
S. agalactiae
S. pneumoniae
Enterococcus faecalis

2

Gram positive rods

Aerobes: Bacillus cereus

Facultative anaerobes: L. monocytogenes

Anaerobes (spore formers):
C. perfringens
C. tetani
C. botulinum
C. difficile

3

Gram negative cocci

Neisseria meningitidis

4

Gram negative rods

Aerobes: Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Facultative anaerobes, lactose fermenters (coliforms):
Klebsiella
E coli
Enterobacter

Facultative anaerobes, non-fermenters:
Proteus
Salmonella
Yersinia
Shigella

5

Non-gram staining bacteria

Rods:
Chlamydia
Rickettsia

Mycoplasma spp.
Mycobacterium spp.

6

Anaerobes - gram positive cocci

Peptostreptococcus

7

Anaerobes - gram positive rods

Actinomyces (branching rods)
Clostridium (botulinum, difficile, perfringens, tetanii)
Propionibacterium
Bifidobacterium
Lactobacillus
Corynebacterium

8

Anaerobes - gram negative cocci

Veillonella
Acidoaminococcus

9

Anaerobes - gram negative rods

Bacteroides
Fusobacterium
Porphyromonas
Prevotella

10

Spirochetes - Treponema spp

Treponema pallidum ssp:
-pallidum: Syphilis
-endemicum: Bejel
-pertenue: Yaws

Treponema carateum: Pinta

11

Spirochetes - Borrelia spp

burgdorferi: lyme disease (borreliosis)
recurrentis: epidemic relapsing fever
Many species: endemic relapsing fever

12

Spirochetes - Leptospira

interrogates - Leptospirosis (Weil's disease)