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Flashcards in Bacteria ID Deck (25)
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1

Largest group of pathogenic bacteria that is opportunistic
Coliforms

GNRODS

2

Can be spread by eating contaminated beef

E. Coli

3

Main reservoirs include: chickens, eggs, unpasturized milk, ground meat, and fish
Causes food poisoning or Typhoid F+

Salmonella

4

Found in soil, water, on plants, in humans and animals
Lg % of hospital infx by way of IV bags (Glucose/Dextrose)

Klebsiella

5

Subgenus of Salmonella
Largely seen in sheep

Arizona

6

Normal flora in human intestines
Swarms on BAP

Proteus

7

Common contaminant in dog and cat mouths and is isolated from dog and cat bites
Snuffles in rabbits

Pasturella

8

Poses an occupational risk to vet staff
W/in the repro tract of bovine, swine, goats, and humans
Eradicated from bovine from immunization of calves

Brucella

9

Poses an occupational risk to vet staff
Spread through contact with wild rabbits, rodents, or vectors
C/S: skin lesions and severe resp dz

Francisella tularensis

10

Causes cholera in humans
Comma shaped

Vibrio

11

Kennel cough in dogs

Bordetella

12

Dermatitis with blueish green purulent discharge
Primary pathogen of birds, reptiles, and amphibians
Fruity smell

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

13

Widespread in fresh water, sewage, and soil
Causes dz in fish, reptiles, and amphibians called Red Leg

Aeromonas

14

Species include: Bacillus,Listeria, Corynebacterium and Clostridium

GPRODS

15

Causes anthrax
one of the most pathogenic bacteria known to man
Produces an exotoxin that affects cardiovascular system
C/S: bleeding from all orifices, blood will not clot, no rigor mortis
Dx: blood draw from ear vein, DO NOT OPEN CARCASS

Bacillus anthracis

16

Contaminant of silage
20% mortality rate
One of the most deadly food borne pathogens
2 types: visceral and neural

Listeria monocytogenes

17

Causes caseous lymphadenitis, resp dz, and skin infx
Diptheria in humans
Pleomorphic

Corynebacterium

18

One of the most potent toxins to man
C/S: food poisoning and paralysis
One gram can kill one million people (Class A Bioweapon)
Inactivated by heat

Clostridium botulinium

19

Causes tetanus

Clostridium tetani

20

Causes GI infx and abortions
Thermophilic and microaerophilic

Campylobacter

21

Severe renal dz in dogs but rare in cats
Spread in urine

Leptospira

22

Need to acid fast stain to ID and survives phagocytosis
Tuberculosis in humans and cows

Mycobacterium

23

Need to acid fast stain to ID
Pleomorphic
No cell wall - resistant to penicillin
Pneumonia in humans and pigs

Mycoplasmas

24

Non-motile, GN bacteria that replicate within host cells
carried by parasites
Ex: Ehrlichia, Anaplasmatacae, Haemobartonella,

Rickettsial agents

25

Rocky Mountain Spotted F+

Rickettsial ricketsii