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Flashcards in Bacteria, viruses, and fungi Deck (63):
1

Name the naked DNA families

PAPP
Parvo
Adeno
Papilloma
Polyoma

2

Name the enveloped DNA families

HHP
Hepadna
Herpes
Pox

3

Name all of the naked DNA viruses within each family

Parvo: B19
Adeno: adeno
Papilloma: HPV
Polyoma: JC, BK

4

Name all of the enveloped DNA viruses within each family

Hepadna: HBV
Herpes: HSV 1, 2, EBV, CMV, VZV, HHV 6, 8
Pox: smallpox, monkeypox, cowpox, molluscum contagiosum

5

Name the naked RNA families

CHRP
Calici
Hep E
Reo
Picorna

6

Name the enveloped RNA families

CRFT BADPROF
Corona
Retro
Flavi
Toga
Bunya
Arena
Paramyxo
Rhabdo
Orthomyxo
Filo

7

Name the enveloped RNA viruses in each family of the icosahedrals

CRFT
Corona: corona, SARS
Retro: HIV, HTLV
Flavi: west Nile, St. Louis encephalitis, HCV, dengue, yellow fever
Toga: rubella, eastern equine, western equine

8

Name the enveloped RNA viruses in each family of the helicals

Bunya: California encephalitis, Crimean Congo, hanta, Rift Valley/Sandfly
Arena: lassa, LCMV
Delta: HDV
Paramyxo: parainfluenza, measles, mumps, RSV
Rhabdo: rabies
Orthomyxo: influenza
Filo: Ebola, marburg

9

Gram +
Cocci
Clusters
Catalase +
Coagulase +
Mannitol fermenter
Yellow colonies on blood agar
Black colonies on Tellurite-Glycine agar

Staphylococcus aureus

10

Gram +
Cocci
Clusters
Catalase +
Coagulase -
Does not ferment mannitol
White colonies on blood agar
Gamma hemolysis
Novobiocin sensitive

Staphylococcus epidermidis

11

Gram +
Cocci
Clusters
Catalase +
Coagulase -
Slowly ferments mannitol
Novobiocin resistant

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

12

Gram +
Cocci
Pairs or chains
Catalase -
Alpha hemolytic (partial)
Lancet shaped
Mucoid on blood agar
Optochin sensitive (P disc)

Streptococcus pneumoniae

13

Gram +
Cocci
Pairs or chains
Catalase -
Alpha hemolytic (partial)
Optochin resistant (P disc)

Viridans streptococcus

14

Gram +
Cocci
Pairs or chains
Catalase -
Beta hemolytic (complete)
PYR + (pink/red)
Bacitracin sensitive (A disc)

Streptococcus pyogenes
Group A Streptococcus

15

Gram +
Cocci
Pairs or chains
Catalase -
Beta hemolytic (complete)
CAMP test + w/S. aureus
Bacitracin resistant (A disc)

Streptococcus agalactiae
Group B Streptococcus

16

Gram +
Cocci
Pairs or chains
Catalase -
Gamma hemolytic (non-hemolytic)

Anaerobic streptococcus
Enterococcus

17

Gram +
Rod
Anaerobic
Spore former
Pseudomembrane

Clostridium difficile

18

Gram +
Rod
Anaerobic
Spore former
Non-motile
Boxcar shaped
Opacity on egg yolk/Nager reaction

Clostridium perfringens

19

Gram +
Rod
Anaerobic
Spore former
Tennis racquet shaped

Clostridium tetani
Clostridium botulinum

20

Gram +
Rod
Anaerobic
Ray fungus
Filamentous/branching
Molar tooth appearance
Non-acid fast
Bright yellow sulfur granules

Actinomyces

21

Gram +
Rod
Anaerobic
Non toxigenic
Acne

Propionibacterium

22

Gram +
Rod-irregular
Aerobic
Loeffler medium
Oxidase +
White on blood agar
Black on tellurite-blood agar
Non acid fast

Corynebacterium

23

Gram +
Rod
Aerobic
Non motile
Non fastidious
Non hemolytic
String of pearls
Medusa head
Spore former
Colonies stick together
Glutamyl polypeptide capsule - bicarbonate agar

Bacillus anthracis

24

Gram +
Rod
Aerobic
Motile
Non fastidious
Beta hemolytic on sheep blood
Facultative
Spore former

Bacillus cereus

25

Gram +
Rod - coccobacilli
Pairs
Aerobic
Catalase +
CAMP +
End over end motility
Umbrella motility on agar
Ubiquitous saprophyte

Listeria

26

Gram +
Rod
Aerobic
Catalase -
Motile
Slow growth
Pleomorphic

Erysipelothrix

27

Gram -
Diplococci
Chocolate agar only
Fastidious
Oxidase +

Neisseria

28

Gram -
Diplococci
Chocolate agar and blood agar

Moraxella

29

Gram -
Rod
Anaerobic
Weakly staining

Bacteroides (Prevotella) and
Fusobacterium

30

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Fastidious
Weakly staining
BCYE
Cysteine

Legionella

31

Gram -
Rod- small
Aerobic
Fastidious
Satellite phenomenon w/S. aureus

Haemophilus

32

Gram -
Rod - small
Aerobic
Fastidious
Regan-Lowe charcoal agar
Dacron swabs

Bordetella

33

Gram -
Rod - thin, curved, S shaped
Aerobic
Fastidious
42 Celsius growth w/abx
Oxidase +

Campylobacter

34

Degenerate
Rod
No cell wall
No gram staining
NAAT test
Inclusion bodies

Chlamydia
Chlamydophila

35

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Lactose fermenter
Oxidase -
Indole +

Escherichia

36

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Lactose fermenter
Oxidase -
Citrate +
Urease +

Klebsiella

37

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Non lactose fermenter
Oxidase -
H2S producer

Salmonella

38

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Non lactose fermenter
Oxidase -

Shigella

39

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Non lactose fermenter
Oxidase -
Urease +

Proteus

40

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Non lactose fermenter
Safety pin appearance
Fried egg colonies

Yersinia

41

Gram -
Rod
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Non lactose fermenter
Oxidase +
Green color
Grape like smell

Pseudomonas

42

Gram -
Rod - curved
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Sucrose fermenter
TCBS agar - yellow
Oxidase +

Vibrio

43

Gram -
Rod - curved
Aerobic
Non Fastidious
Oxidase +
Urease +
Urea breath test

Helicobacter

44

Name all of the lactose fermenting bacteria

KnEE

Klebsiella
Escherichia
Enterobacter

45

Name all of the oxidase + bacteria

PVNCH
Pseudomonas
Vibrio
Neisseria
Campylobacter
Helicobacter

46

Name all of the urease + bacteria

PUNCH

Proteus
Ureaplasma
Nocardia
Corynebacterium
Helicobacter

47

What is the only bacteria that is both urease + and oxidase + ?

Helicobacter

48

1. What does a positive urease test look like?
2. Oxidase?
3. Lactose fermenting?
4. Catalase?
5. Mannitol fermenting?

1. Pink slant
2. Purple/dark color on dry slide
3. Red/purple
4. Hydrogen peroxide
5. Pink to yellow color change

49

What bacteria are catalase +

Staphylococcus

50

What bacteria are coagulase +

Staphylococcus aureus

51

What bacteria ferment mannitol

Staphylococcus aureus

52

Optochin
P disc

Resistant: viridans Streptococcus
Sensitive: Streptococcus pneumoniae

53

Bacitracin
A disc

Resistant: Streptococcus agalactiae
Sensitive: pyogenes

54

Gram -
Rod
Non fastidious
Lactose fermenter
Oxidase -
Indole -

Enterobacter

55

What does a positive indole test look like?

Pink layer in test tube

56

Degenerate
Rod
No cell wall
No gram stain
Eaton's agar
Mulberry or egg shape

Mycoplasma

57

Broad based budding yeast
Thick walls
Dimorphic (mold to yeast)
Fresh water and soil
Inhalation of conidia

Blastomyces dermatitidis
Can cause Pneumonia

58

Hyphae bifurcate at acute angles
Fungus ball

Aspergillus fumigatus

59

Dimorphic
Spherules
SW USA
Inhalation of spores

Coccidioides immitis
Coccidioides posadasii
Can cause Pneumonia

60

Dimorphic
Budding yeast
Invasive septate hyphae
Pseudohyphae in tissues
Germ tube formation in serum
Chlamydospores on corn meal agar

Candida albicans

61

Dimorphic
Yeast in tissue
Tuberculate macroconidia in culture
Mississippi, Missouri, and Ohio river valleys
Soil with bird/bat fecal material

Histoplasma capsulatum

62

Yeast with black spot

Pneumocystis jiroveci

63

Asexual fruiting structure
Mycelium

Rhizopus
Mucor