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Large Animal Surgery > Bandaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bandaging Deck (48)
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1

Bandages can protect what?

Wounds and incisions

2

Bandages can provide what?

Support

3

Bandages can inhibit what?

Excessive granulation tissue

4

What are 4 things bandages can reduce?

- Swelling
- Movement
- Edema
- Post-op hemorrhage/edema

5

Bandages can assist in what?

Temporary stabilization of fractures

6

Bandages can decrease what?

Dead space

7

Bandages can prevent what?

Contamination

8

Why do you want a smooth bandage with no wrinkles?

Wrinkles can create bandage sores, inhibit circulation and cause pain/discomfort.

9

What are the 3 layers of a bandage?

- Primary
- Secondary
- Tertiary

10

Each bandage layer is secured with what?

Gauze

11

What are 3 reasons for changing a bandage?

- Soiled
- Wet
- Slips

12

What can be sued to secure a bandage in place?

Cohesive or self-adhesive material

13

How tightly should the bandage be placed?

Snugly - not too tight, not too loose

14

What should be done if lameness increases or becomes apparent?

Remove bandage immediately

15

What is an important consideration for bandaging material?

Adequate width

16

Why is important to fully span the wound when bandaging?

Minimize edema formation at margin.

17

A lower limb bandage should be extended how far?
Why?

- Distal to coronary band
- Prevent damage to coronary band which would lead to abnormal hoof growth

18

How should the flexor tendons be wrapped?

Medially

19

How far should the cotton be extended when wrapping the lower limb?

Past the heel bulb

20

When bandaging the distal limb, make sure the holding layer catches what?

Heel bulb

21

What are 3 things that can happen if a bandage is placed too tight?

- Circulation cut off
- Soft tissue injury/tendon damage
- Pressure sores form

22

How far up should a foot bandage come up?

Up to the pastern

23

What are primary and secondary bandaging layers secured with?

Conforming roll gauze

24

Where is the primary layer placed?

Directly on the wound

25

What are 3 characteristics of a primary bandage layer?

- Sterile
- Non-adherent
- Porous

26

Should the primary layer be placed with tension?

No

27

What are 5 examples of primary layers?

- Telfa
- Curasalt (hypertonic dressing)
- Kerlix AMD
- Hydrogel
- Calcium alginate

28

Which type of primary layer has an antibiotic in it?

Kerlix AMD

29

Which type of primary layer is used on a desiccated wound that needs moisture added?

Hydrogel

30

Which type of primary layer is the most common one used?

Telfa