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Large Animal Surgery > Wound Healing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wound Healing Deck (103)
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1

What are 3 ways to stop a wound from bleeding?

- Pressure bandage
- Clamp
- Ligate

2

What are the first three things to consider with wound management?

- Stabilize
- Preserve life
- Evaluate the wound

3

If an animal has been previously vaccinated, what type of tetanus prophylaxis should be used?

Tetanus toxoid

4

If an animal has not been previously vaccinated, what type of tetanus prophylaxis should be used?

- Tetanus toxoid
- Tetanus antitoxin

5

Which type of bacteria is most commonly isolated from horses?

Streptococcus

6

Which 2 types of bacteria are most commonly isolated from ruminants?

- E. coli
- Arcanobacterium/Trueperella pyogenes

7

What are 3 examples of systemic antibiotics that can be used?

- Penicillin
- Penicillin/Aminoglycoside
- TMS

8

If local antibiotics are used, they might inhibit what?

Wound healing

9

Phenylbutazone (Bute) is only used in what large animal species?

Horses

10

What NSAID can be used in cattle?

Flunixin meglumine (Banamine)

11

What are 3 reasons to give NSAIDs with wound healing in large animals?

- Block prostaglandin synthesis
- Decrease inflammation
- Decrease pain

12

What are 4 classifications of wounds?

- Clean
- Clean/contaminated
- Contaminated
- Infected

13

A wound made sterilely under surgery is classified as what?

Clean

14

If pus is present in a wound, the wound is considered what?

Infected

15

The period of time after a wound has occurred during which the wound may be closed primarily is known as what?

Golden Period

16

When is the golden period for wound healing?

4 - 6 hours

17

If past the golden period, should the wound be sutured?

No

18

What are 4 classifications of wound healing?

- Primary intention
- Delayed primary
- Second intention
- Tertiary intention

19

Healing without fibroplasia is what type of wound healing?

Primary intention

20

Primary intention healing can be done with what type of wound?

Clean wound

21

What are 2 types of suture patterns that can be used to close the skin in large animals with primary wound healing?

- Simple interrupted
- Vertical mattress

22

What is a suture pattern that is good for use on the line alba in the horse?

Near-far-far-near

23

If a wound occurred more than 6 hours ago, how is it classified?

Contaminated

24

If a wound has a large gap and necrotic looking muscles, should the wound be closed?

No

25

What are 3 aspects of cleaning a wound?

- Pack
- Clip
- Lavage

26

What should be done before clipping a wound?

The wound should be packed.

27

What should be used to lavage a wound?
What can be used in the field?

- Fluid that is physiologic
- Water

28

When does the body of the animal begin debridement?

6 hours after wound occurs

29

What are 2 types of cells involved in debridement?

- Neutrophils/PMNs
- Monocytes

30

Delayed closure of a contaminated wound is known as what type of healing?

Delayed primary intention