Bases (Unit 1) Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Bases (Unit 1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bases (Unit 1) Deck (87):
1

anter-

before, in the forward part of

2

caud-

tail, lower end of body

3

cephal-

head

4

dextr-

right, on the right side

5

dist-

remote, distant, away from proximal end

6

dors-

back, back surface

7

extern-

outside

8

infer-

below, in the lower part of

9

intern-

within, inside

10

later-

side

11

medi-

middle, midline

12

mes-

middle, midline

13

poster-

behind, in the back part of

14

proxim-

next to, near the attached end

15

sinistr-

left, on the left side

16

super-

above, in the upper part of

17

ventr-

belly, front surface

18

acromi-

acromion, upper extremity of the shoulder

19

al-

wing, any wing-like structure
ala, alae
f.

20

articul-

joint
articulatio, articulationis
f.

21

astragal-

ankle, bones of the ankle
astragalus, astragali
m.

22

calcane-

heel
calcaneus, calcanei / os calcis, ossis calcis
m.

23

carp-

wrist, bones of the wrist
carpus, carpi
m.

24

clavicul-

clavicle
clavicula, claviculae
f.

25

cost-

rib
costa, costae
f.

26

cox-

hip bone
coxa, coxae
f.

27

crani-

skull
cranium, cranii
n.

28

femor-

thigh bone
femur, femoris
n.

29

fibul-

outer bone of the leg
fibula, fibulae
f.

30

humer-

upper bone of arm, shoulder
humerus, humeri
m.

31

ili-

upper part of hip bone
illium, ilii
n.

32

ischi-

lower part of hip bone
ischium, ischii
n.

33

patell-

kneecap
patella, patellae
f.

34

pelv-

basin-like structure
pelvis, pelvis
f.

35

phalang-

finger or toe
phalanx, phalangis
f.

36

pub-

pubic bone
os pubis, ossis pubis
n.

37

radi-

outer bone of the forearm
radius, radii
m.

38

scapul-

shoulder blade
scapula, scapulae
f.

39

stern-

breast bone
sternum, sterni
n.

40

tars-

instep of the foot
tarsus, tarsi
m.

41

tal-

ankle
talus, tali
m.

42

tibi-

shin bone
tibia, tibiae
f.

43

uln-

medial bone of arm
ulna, ulnae
f.

44

cervic-

neck
cervix, cervicis
f.

45

dent-

tooth,
dens, dentis
m.

46

duct-

to lead, bring

47

faci-

face, surface
facies, faciei

48

flect, flex-

to bend

49

front-

forehead, frontal bone

50

lumb-

lower back
lumbus, lumbi
m.

51

mandibul-

lower jaw
mandibula, mandibulae
f.

52

maxill-

upper jaw
maxilla, maxillae
f.

53

ment-

chin
mentum, menti
n.

54

nas-

nasal cavity
nasus, nasi

55

occipit-

occipital bone, posterior portion of skull

56

pariet-

posterolateral portion of skull

57

pector-

chest
pectus, pectoris
n.

58

sacr-

bone of caudal vertebral column
os sacrum, os sacri
n.

59

sin-, sinus-

cavity, space
sinus, sinus
m

60

tempor-

temples, anterolateral portion of skull
tempus, temporis
n.

61

thorac-

chest
thorax, thoracis
m.

62

tract-

to drag, draw

63

vers-, verte

to turn

64

vertebr-

bone of a spinal column
vertebra, vertebrae
f.

65

arthr-

joint

66

brachi-

arm
brachium, brachii
n.

67

burs-

fluid-filled sac
bursa, bursae
f.

68

cheir-, chir-,

hand

69

chondr-

cartilage

70

cleid-

clavicle

71

dactyl-

finger

72

geni-, geny-

cheek, chin, jaw

73

gnath-

jaw

74

gon-, gonat-, gony-

knee

75

hem-, hemat-

blood

76

myel-

spinal cord, bone marrow

77

orth-

straight

78

oss-, osse-, OST, OSTE-

bone
os, ossis
n.

79

path-

disease, suffering

80

plas-

to form, to develop

81

por-

pore, passage, opening

82

pt-

drop, fall, sag

83

rachi-, rachid-

spine

84

scler-

hard

85

scoli-

twisted, crooked, curved

86

spondyl-

vertebra

87

troph-

nourishment, growth