Bases (Unit 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bases (Unit 3) Deck (98):
1

AMYL-

starch, polysaccharide

2

calc-, calci-

calcium

3

CARCIN-

cancer

4

centr-

center

5

CHEM-

chemical; chemistry, molecular structure and interactions

6

CLON-

clone (noun); genetically identical progeny of a single parent cell (as a verb)

7

cupr-

copper

8

CYCL-

ring, circle, cycle; ciliary body of the eye

9

glob-

round body, ball

10

GLUC-

glucose

11

GLYC-

glucose; sweetness; glycogen

12

immun-

immunity; the immune system, defense against infection; antibodies

13

kal-, kali-

potassium

14

KARY-

nucleus

15

mut-, muta-, mutat-

to change

16

NATR-

sodium

17

ONC-

tumor; bulk, volume

18

PEPTID-

peptide; peptide bond

19

PHARMAC-

drugs, medicine

20

SACCHAR-

sugar, saccharide

21

scrip(t), scrib-

to write

22

SOM-, SOMAT-

the (human) body, chromosome

23

THIO-, THION-

sulfer

24

ZYM-

fermentation; enzyme

25

AER-

air, gas

26

BAR-

weight, pressure

27

alveol-

alveoli, terminal air sacs in lungs
alveolus, -i

28

BRONCH-

bronchus (major airway in lung)
bronchus, -i

29

BRONCHIOL-

bronchiole (smaller airway in lung)
bronchiolus, -i

30

CONI-

dust

31

GER-, GERONT-

old age, elderly person

32

IATR-

physician, medicine, treatment

33

LARYNG-

larynx, voicebox

34

OX-, OXY-

sharp, acute; rapid; acid; oxygen

35

PHON-

voice

36

PHREN-, PHRENIC-

diaphragm; phrenic nerve; mind

37

PLEUR-

pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs)
pluera, -ae

38

PNEUM-, PNEUMAT-

air

39

PNEUMON-, PNEUM-

lung

40

pulm-, pulmon-

lung

41

RHIN-

nose

42

SIDER-

iron

43

silic-

silica, silicon dioxide

44

spir-

to breathe

45

TEL-, TELE-

end, completion

46

TRACHE-

trachea (major airway outside of lungs)

47

alb-

white

48

CHLOR-

green

49

CHROM-, CHROMAT-

color, pigment

50

CIRRH-

orangish-yellow

51

CYAN-

blue

52

ERYTHR-

red

53

flav-

yellow

54

GLAUC-

blue-gray, green-gray

55

IS-

equal, same, alike

56

MACR-

large

57

MEGA-, MEGAL-

large

58

MELAN-

black, dark, pigment

59

MICR-

small

60

RHOD-

rosy, pink

61

rub, rubr-

red

62

XANTH-

yellow

63

BAS-

base, basic

64

EOS-

dawn; bright red or pink

65

granul-

little grain, particle

66

LY-, LYS-

dissolution, lysis

67

NEUTR-

neither; neutral

68

nucle-

nucleus

69

OLIG-

few, little

70

PHAG-

to eat

71

PLASM-

plasma

72

POIKIL-

varied, irregular

73

ser-

serum

74

SPLEN-

spleen

75

THROMB-

clot; platelet

76

AUX-

increase

77

bacill-

rod, rod-shaped bacterium

78

BI-

life; living organism, microbe

79

COCC-

spherical bacterium

80

DEM-

a people, a population

81

febr-

fever

82

HELMINTH-

parasitic worms

83

MYC-, MYCET-

fungus

84

morb-

disease

85

mort-

death

86

NECR-

dead body, dead tissue

87

NEMA-, NEMAT-

roundworm

88

NOS-

disease

89

PHYT-

plant, microorganism of the plant kingdom

90

pur-, purul-

pus

91

PY-

pus

92

PYRET-

fever

93

SPOR-

seed, spore

94

STAPHYL-

bunch of grapes

95

STREPT-

twisted

96

THANAT-

death

97

TOX-

poison

98

vir-, viru-, virid-

virus