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Flashcards in Basic#15 Deck (13):
0

Commodore Matthew Perry

Hired by Franklin Pierce to expand across the Pacific to Japan to take over for US.

- 1854
- failed

1

Lincoln-Douglas debates

Series of debates in the 1858 Illonois senatorial campaign during which Douglas and Lincoln staked out their differing opinion on the issue of slavery.

- It was a very democratic event because of freedom of speech.
-Democrats vs. Republicans
-Slavery vs. Anti- slavery
-Thousands come to listen and put their own input.
Pg. 492-494

2

Emily Dickinson

A renaissance writer who experimented with unrhymed and "off-rhyme" verse.
-Renaissance writer
Pg. 494

3

Fedrick Douglas

An african american writer, speaker, and abolitionist who spoke against slavery.
- renaissance writer
-narrative of the Life of Fedrick Douglass (1845) talked about brutal life of being a slave.
Pg. 495

4

Harriet Beecher Stowe

The daughter of a reforming clergyman and married a congregational minister who was an active abolitionist.

- wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin (1851)
- brought the issue of slavery into light
- Lincoln said to her, " So your the little women who wrote the book that made this great war!
Pg. 495-496

5

Fugitive Slave Act

Part of the Compromise of 1850 yhat required the authorities in North to assist southern slave catchers and return runaway slaves to their owners.

- Favored southern slave owners
- It was defied by northern abolitionist
Pg. 501-502

6

Bleeding Kansas

Violence between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas territory after the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854.
Pg. 505-506;511

7

John Brown

A man who believed that the discontent felt by the slaves were....
Pg. 509

8

Know-nothings

Name given to the anti- immigrant party formed from the wreckage of the Whig Party and some disaffected Northern Democrats in 1854
Pg. 509

9

Lecompton Constitution

Pro-slavery draft written in 1854 by Kansas territorial delegates; it was rejected by two governors, supported by President Buchanan and decisively beaten by Congress.
Pg. 512

10

Sumner Brooks Affair

Senator Charles Sumner of Massachests delivered a two day speech against slavery. He specifically targeted Sen Andrew P. butler of S. Carolina. A few days after congress preston......
Pg. 509

11

Panic of 1857

Banking crises that caused a credit crunch in the north; it was less severe in the south, where high cotton prices spurred a quick recovery.

- buisness failures & shutdowns
- affected more of northern exports
- south helped to recover
Pg. 513

12

Dread Scott vs. Sanford

Supreme court ruling, in a lawisuit brought by Dred Scott, a slave demanding his freedom based on his residence in a free state, that slaves could be US citizens and that congress had no jurisdiction over slavery in the territories.

- Many free african americans were not happy.
- This made slavery even more conflicted.
Pg.512