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Flashcards in Basic Concepts Deck (48)
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1

Complete, physical, mental and social well being and not necessarily the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO)

Health

2

Active process of becoming aware of and making choices toward a healthy and fulfilling life

Wellness

3

A way of living that lowers the risk of being ill or dying

Healthy lifestyle

4

●Government agencies or community groups not normally done by the private sector that improves the health status of the community or of individuals in the community

●Directed at community level

Public Health

5

Encompasses comprehensive health provisions ranging from preventive, promotive, curative to rehabilitative services

Community Medicine

6

Branch of medicine that concentrates on keeping people well with a goal of disease prevention and health promotion

Goals: disease prevention and health promotion

Preventive Medicine

7

Level of prevention :

Abstaining from tobacco

Primary

8

Level of prevention :

Cardiac stress testing

Secondary

9

Level of prevention :

Tumor debulking for stage 4 cancer

Tertiary

10

Level of prevention :

Practicing stress management

Primary

11

Level of prevention :

Testicular self-examination

Secondary

12

Level of prevention :

Smoking cessation after MI

Tertiary

13

Level of prevention :

Oral chemoprophylaxis with doxycycline for flood exposure

Primary

14

Self breast examination

Secondary

15

●Most basic type of sampling design

●every unit has equal chance to be included in sample population

Simple random sampling

16

●A sampling design wherein every kth element of the population is chosen.

●Drawing a sample is easier.

●A sampling frame is not necessary.

●More precise than simple random sampling.

Systematic sampling design

17

●Every element found in each cluster is included in the study.

●Only population listof clusters is needed.

●May have bias.

Cluster sampling

18

●Qualitative categorical or Discrete quantitative

●Comparison of absolute or relative counts, rates.

Bar graph

19

●Qualitative variable

●Comparison between 2 population or distribution.

●Alternative to pie chart.

Component/Stacked bar graph

20

●Qualitative

●Usually presented as counts.

●example: leading cause of mortality

Horizontal Bar

21

●Quantitative variable showing changes with passage of time

●design with spaces in between bar because variable is discrete; use to show trends

Vertical bar graph

22

●Qualitative

●breakdown of a group or total where the number of categories is not too many ( <6 categories)

●sum of all proportion must be equal to 100%

Pie chart

23

●Continuous quantitative

●frequency distribution of continuous variable or measurement including age group; 1 population, 1 distribution

●decimals, income

Histogram

24

●Quantitative variable

●trend data

●Time series

Line graph

25

●Quantitative continuous

●comparison of 2 population

●comparison of income in ERAP era and GMA era

Frequency polygon

26

●Quantitative

●Correlation betweentwo quantitative variables

●Comparison of birth weight to AOG

Scatterplot/Scatter Point/Dot diagram

27

●Uses symbols or picture

●Used in showing the distribution of morbidity across a geographic area

Pictograph

28

Most common measure of central tendency; Average

MEAN

29

Value that falls in the middle position when the observations are ranked in order from the smallest to the largest

Median

30

Greatest frequency in a set of observations

Used in public health statistics

Bimodal distribution

Mode