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Flashcards in Basic Elements Of Applied Behavior Analysis Deck (53)
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1

Surrogate CAO

Acquire the properties of an AO through contingent pairing with UAOs in much the same way that stimuli become S's through pairing

2

Transitive CAO

Decrease the effectiveness of a stimulus as a reinforcer and abate behavior which is maintained by the reinforcer whose value has been lowered

3

Transitive CEO

An event that establishes another stimulus as a necessary condition to complete the response that the first event evokes, and thus establishes that second sinuous as a reinforcer

4

Reflexive CEO

Establishes its own termination as an effective form of negative reinforcement or punishment

5

Reflexive CAO

Abolishes it's own termination as an effective form of negative reinforcement or punishment

6

Threat reflexive CEO

And EO for negative reinforcement; evokes avoidance behavior and evokes behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past

7

Threat reflexive CAO

An AO for negative reinforcement; abates avoidance behavior and abated behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past

8

Promise reflexive CEO

An EO for negative punishment; abates behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past

9

Promise reflexive CAO

An AO for negative punishment; evokes behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past

10

Life changes that represent a persons aspirations, dreams, and broad preferences

Outcomes

11

Target behavior

Any defined, observable, and measurable behavior which is the focus of assessment, analysis, and intervention

12

Types of problems with behavior

Skill deficits, problems with strength of behavior, problems with performance, problems with stimulus control, problems with generality, behavior excesses

13

Reasons for selecting target behavior

Helps individuals achieve outcomes, behavior deficit makes the person too dependent on others, behavior is harmful, dangerous or illegal, behavior is controlled by meds or restraints, behavior excludes individual from social situations, behavior interferes with independent functioning

14

Social validity

The treatment goals and the achieved outcomes are acceptable, socially relevant, and useful to the individual receiving services and to those who care about the individual

15

Good response definition

Objective, clear, complete

16

Preliminary assessment

Practitioner gathers basic information about the case, determines if behavioral services are appropriate, and if he is the appropriate provider for those services

17

Steps of preliminary assessment

Determine who has authority to give consent; determine whether or not you have the permission, skills, time, and resources to begin assessment; complete intake paperwork; review records and available data; meet client and begin observations; document

18

Surrogate CEO

Acquire properties of an EO through contingent pairing with UEOs in much the same way that stimuli become S's through pairing

19

Data

The quantitative results of deliberate, planned, and usually controlled observation

20

Continuous response measures

Directly measure a dimensional quantity of behavior, direct

21

Discontinuous response measures

Do not measure behavior directly, indirect

22

Estimating IRT

When given the rate, provided that the variability is not too great, or that there are no outliers

23

Percent occurrence

Similar to even recording of a restricted or discriminated operant which has been converted into a percent

24

Trials to criterion

The number of consecutive opportunities to respond required to achieve performance standard.

25

Discrete categorization

A method for classifying responses into discrete categories

26

Partial interval recording

A discontinuous response measure in which a recording session is broken into short intervals of time; occurrence is recorded if a response happens during any part of the interval

27

Whole interval recording

A discontinuous response measure in which a recording session is broken into short intervals of time; occurrence is recorded if the behavior occurs for the whole interval

28

Momentary time sampling

A discontinuous response measure in which a response is recorded as occurring only if it occurs at the point in time in which an interval ends

29

PLACHECK

A group of individuals is observed at the end of an interval. Count how many of individuals are engaging in the target behavior. Compare with the total number of individuals. Percent of individuals engaging in behavior

30

Factors to consider when selecting a response measure

The dimensional quantity of interest. The estimated rate of the behavior. Whether to measure responses or episodes