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Flashcards in Basic Elements of Musical Structure Deck (56)
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1

Timbre is also known as

tone color

2

Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called

dynamics

3

The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called

pitch

4

distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called

pitch range

5

The pitch of a sound is decided by the _________ of its vibrations.

frequency

6

The distance in pitch between any two tones is called

an interval

7

A gradual increase in loudness is known as a

crescendo

8

A dynamic accent occurs when a performer

emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it

9

In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a

tone

10

Music can be defined as

an art based on the organization of sounds in time

11

A series of single tones which add up to a recognizable whole is called a

melody

12

The repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch is called a

sequence

13

A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a

cadence

14

A melody is made up of shorter units called

phrases

15

Legato refers to playing or singing a melody

smooth, connected style

16

A melody is said to move by steps if it features

small intervals of adjacent scale tones

17

A short, detached style of playing a melody is known as

staccato

18

A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time is called

a chord

19

Harmony refers to

the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

20

Resolution refers to a

dissonant chord moving to a consonant chord

21

A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a

dissonance

22

A series of chords is called a(n)

progression

23

When a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument,
the technique is called

imitation

24

A round is an example of

strict imitation

25

When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is

homophonic

26

The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

monophonic

27

Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice is described as playing or singing in

counterpoint (polyphonic)

28

Which of the following could be an example of homophonic texture?

A folksinger accompanied by a guitar.

29

When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

polyphonic

30

Contrapuntal texture is sometimes used in place of the term

polyphonic texture.

31

Three-part form can be represented as

A-B-A

32

The organization of musical ideas in time is called

form

33

Repetition is a technique widely used in music because it

helps engrave a melody in a listener's memory.

34

A tone in music is a sound that

has a definite pitch

35

When notating music for others to read, composers traditionally have used ____________ words to indicate dynamics.

Italian

36

A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a

diminuendo

37

Register refers to

part of an instruments total range

38

When music is created at the same time as it is performed, it is said to be

improvised

39

Conductors often hold a ______ to indicate pulse and tempo.

baton

40

Woodwind instruments are so named because they

use a wooden reed

41

Synthesizers

allow the composer complete control over pitch, tone color, dynamics, and duration.

42

The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or more specifically, the particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music, is

rhythm

43

The organization of beats into regular groups is called

meter

44

_____________ is the effect of unexpected accents in the music.

syncopation

45

The term ___________ refers to the speed of the beat of the music.

tempo

46

A gradual slowing-down of tempo is indicated by the term

ritardando

47

Melody may be defined as

a series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole

48

The distance between a melody's lowest and highest tones is known as its

range

49

A melody is said to move by steps if it moves by

adjacent scale tones

50

cadence

resting place at the end of a phrase

51

A consonance is a combination of tones that

is considered stable and restful

52

When a dissonance moves to a consonance, it can be called a

resolution

53

The organization of musical ideas in time is called

form

54

A musical section followed by a contrasting section and then a return of the original section is in

ternary form

55

In music, _________ refers to a characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, tone color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form.

style

56

Changes in musical style from one historical period to the next are usually continuous.

continuous